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Recommended Readings

Core readings about the adoption, implementation, and development of LOINC


Mapping Strategies

Vreeman, DJ, Finnell, JT, and Overhage, JM (2007).
A Rationale for Parsimonious Laboratory Term Mapping by Frequency
Proc AMIA Symp:771-775.

Khan, AN, Griffith, SP, Moore, C, Russell, D, Rosario, ACJ, and Bertolli, J (2006).
Standardizing laboratory data by mapping to LOINC.
J Am Med Inform Assoc 13(3):353-5.

Vreeman, DJ and McDonald, CJ (2005).
Automated mapping of local radiology terms to LOINC.
AMIA Annu Symp Proc:769-73.

Implementation Resources


Development of LOINC

McDonald CJ, Huff SM, Vreeman DJ, Mercer K.
Logical Observation Identifiers, Names, and Codes (LOINC®) User's Guide.
Regenstrief Institute, Inc. Indianapolis, IN.

McDonald, CJ, Huff, SM, Suico, JG, Hill, G, Leavelle, D, Aller, R, Forrey, A, Mercer, K, DeMoor, G, Hook, J, Williams, W, Case, J, and Maloney, P (2003).
LOINC, a universal standard for identifying laboratory observations: a 5-year update.
Clin Chem 49(4):624-33.

Huff, SM, Rocha, RA, McDonald, CJ, De Moor, GJ, Fiers, T, Bidgood, WDJ, Forrey, AW, Francis, WG, Tracy, WR, Leavelle, D, Stalling, F, Griffin, B, Maloney, P, Leland, D, Charles, L, Hutchins, K, and Baenziger, J (1998).
Development of the Logical Observation Identifier Names and Codes (LOINC) vocabulary.
J Am Med Inform Assoc 5(3):276-92.

Forrey, AW, McDonald, CJ, DeMoor, G, Huff, SM, Leavelle, D, Leland, D, Fiers, T, Charles, L, Griffin, B, Stalling, F, Tullis, A, Hutchins, K, and Baenziger, J (1996).
Logical observation identifier names and codes (LOINC) database: a public use set of codes and names for electronic reporting of clinical laboratory test results.
Clin Chem 42(1):81-90.


Health Information Exchange with LOINC

Sujansky, WV, Overhage, JM, Chang, S, Frohlich, J, and Faus, SA (2009).
The development of a highly constrained health level 7 implementation guide to facilitate electronic laboratory reporting to ambulatory electronic health record systems.
J Am Med Inform Assoc 16(3):285-90.

Current Versions
LOINC 2.59
Released: 2017-02-21

RELMA 6.18
Released: 2017-02-21

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