LOINC
Version 2.67

15444-3Influenza virus A Ab [Presence] in Serum by Immune diffusion (ID)Active

Part Description

LP14239-5   Influenza virus A
Influenza viruses, from the family Orthomyxoviridae, are enveloped negative-strand RNA viruses with segmented genomes containing seven to eight gene segments. Of the five genera in the family, only influenza A virus (IAV), influenza B and C are medically relevant to humans. Aquatic birds harboring avian IAV are the likely natural reservoir for all known IAV subtypes and are probably the original source of all human pandemic IAV strains. IAV maintained in wild birds have been associated with stable host switch events to novel hosts, including most often to domestic poultry but also to horses, swine, toothed whales and humans. The influenza virus life cycle begins with the binding of viral HA to host cell receptors. Endocytosis and HA-mediated fusion of the viral and cellular membranes occurs. Viral ribonucleoprotein complexes are released into the cytoplasm, travel to the nucleus, then are replicated and transcribed by the viral polymerase complex. The new viruses are formed and bud when the newly formed ribonucleicprotein complexes and structural proteins reach the plasma membrane. Further research is needed to better understand how IAVs switch hosts and the viral genetic changes that underlie human adaptation. IAV causes respiratory infections in humans ranging from asymptomatic to fatal. Pandemics are attributed to "novel" viruses which possess a viral hemagglutinin (HA) to which humans do not have immunity. [PMID:20542248 ] [PMID: 25812763]
Influenza viruses A and B are single-stranded RNA enveloped viruses belonging to the Orthomyxoviridae family. The symptoms of infection of Influenza A and B include fever, cough, sore throat, rhinorrhea, nasal congestion, headache, myalgia and malaise. Some patients may experience gastrointestinal symptoms including watery diarrhea, vomiting and abdominal pain. The influenza viruses spread rapidly in enclosed spaces with a documented rate of infection of 70% following a common source of exposure. Infection occurs in the respiratory epithelium in both the upper and lower respiratory tract, and the virus can be found in many specimen types, including nasal aspirates, nasal or nasopharyngeal swabs, throat swabs, sputum and tracheal aspirates. When infection rates reach epidemic proportions, hospitalization of children and elderly patients rises as does the mortality rates of elderly patients.(Manual of Clinical Microbiology, 11th edition, James H. Jorgensen; Karen C. Carroll; Guido Funke; Michael A Pfaller; Marie Louise Landry; Sandra S. Richter; David W. Warnock) Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Fully-Specified Name

Component
Influenza virus A Ab
Property
PrThr
Time
Pt
System
Ser
Scale
Ord
Method
Immune diffusion

Additional Names

Short Name
FLUAV Ab Ser Ql ID
Display Name
FLUAV Ab Immune diff Ql (S)

Basic Attributes

Class
MICRO
Type
Laboratory
First Released
Version 1.0k
Last Updated
Version 2.67
Change Reason
The PrThr property is used for LOINC terms whose results are reported using an ordered categorical scale, regardless of whether or not an internal threshold was used to make that determination. This change was approved by the Laboratory LOINC Committee in June 2016.; Updated Answer list type from NORMATIVE to EXAMPLE because the Answers in the list (Positive, Negative) are only examples of possible answers and not an exclusive list
Order vs. Observation
Both

Example Answer List LL360-9

Source: Regenstrief Institute

Answer Code Score Answer ID
Positive Copyright http://snomed.info/sct ID:10828004 Positive (qualifier value) LA6576-8
Negative Copyright http://snomed.info/sct ID:260385009 Negative (qualifier value) LA6577-6

Member of these Groups

LG32757-3 Influenza virus

Language Variants Get Info

zh-CNChinese (CHINA)
流感病毒 A 型 抗体:存在情况或阈值:时间点:血清:序数型:免疫扩散法
nl-NLDutch (NETHERLANDS)
Influenzavirus A As:aanwezigheid:moment:serum:ordinaal:immunodiffusie
et-EEEstonian (ESTONIA)
A-gripi viirus antikehad:PrThr:Pt:S:Ord:Immuundifusioon
fr-BEFrench (BELGIUM)
Virus de l'influenza A Ac:PrThr:Temps ponctuel:Sérum:Ordinal:Immunodiffusion
fr-CAFrench (CANADA)
Virus de l'influenza A , Ac:Présence-Seuil:Temps ponctuel:Sérum:Ordinal:Immunodiffusion
fr-FRFrench (FRANCE)
Influenza virus A Ac:Présence/Seuil:Ponctuel:Sérum:Qualitatif:Immunodiffusion
it-ITItalian (ITALY)
Influenza A, virus , Ab:PrThr:Pt:Siero:Ord:Immuno diffusione
ko-KRKorean (KOREA, REPUBLIC OF)
A형 인플루엔자 바이러스 항체:임의농도:검사시점:혈청:순위척도:면역 확산
pt-BRPortuguese (BRAZIL)
Influenza vírus A Ac:ACnc:Pt:Soro:Ord:Imunodifusão
ru-RURussian (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)
Грипп вирус А Ат:PrThr:ТчкВрм:Сыв:Пор:Иммунодиффузия
es-ARSpanish (ARGENTINA)
virus Influenza aviario:concentración arbitraria:punto en el tiempo:suero:ordinal:difusión inmunitaria
es-ESSpanish (SPAIN)
Virus Influenza A Anticuerpos:PrThr:Punto temporal:Suero:Ord:Inmunodifusión
tr-TRTurkish (TURKEY)
İnfluenza virüsü A Ab:MevcEşik:Zmlı:Ser:Srl:İmmün difüzyon

LOINC FHIR® API Example - CodeSystem Request Get Info

https://fhir.loinc.org/CodeSystem/$lookup?system=http://loinc.org&code=15444-3