LOINC
Version 2.69

23749-5Lead [Mass/volume] in SpecimenActive

Part Description

LP14259-3   Lead
Lead is toxic to many organs and tissues including the heart, bones, intestines, kidneys, and reproductive and nervous systems. It interferes with the development of the nervous system and is particularly toxic to children, causing potentially permanent learning and behavior disorders. Symptoms include abdominal pain, confusion, headache, anemia, irritability, and in severe cases seizures, coma, and death. Routes of exposure include contaminated air, water, soil, food, and consumer products. Occupational exposure is a common cause of lead poisoning in adults. The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) estimates that more than 3 million workers in the United States are potentially exposed to lead in the workplace. One of the largest threats to children is lead paint that exists in many older homes. Blood lead levels screen for lead poisoning and monitor treatment as well. The Centers for Disease Control (US) has set the standard elevated blood lead level for adults to be 10 µg/dl of the whole blood. For children the number is set much lower at 5 µg/dl of blood as of 2012 down from a previous 10 µg/dl. The major treatments are removal of the source of lead and chelation therapy. [Wikipedia: Lead_poisoning] Both capillary and venous blood specimens are used for lead testing and they have different reference ranges, so it is important to distinguish the specimen type for both clinical and public health reporting. Capillary samples are more likely to be contaminated by environmental residues present on the skin. Venous blood collected using evacuated tubes and needles certified as lead-free is preferred (NCCLS.2001), however obtaining venous samples from pediatric patients may be be difficult, capillary blood from a finger puncture may be used for screening purposes. If an elevated lead level is detected in capillary blood, a second test on a venous sample is necessary. Copyright Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ for details. Source: Wikipedia, Lead poisoning

Fully-Specified Name

Component
Lead
Property
MCnc
Time
Pt
System
XXX
Scale
Qn
Method

Additional Names

Short Name
Lead Spec-mCnc
Display Name
Lead (Specimen) [Mass/Vol]
Consumer Name Alpha
Lead, Specimen

Basic Attributes

Class
DRUG/TOX
Type
Laboratory
First Released
Version 1.0n
Last Updated
Version 2.69
Order vs. Observation
Both

Language Variants Get Info

zh-CNChinese (China)
铅:质量浓度:时间点:XXX:定量型:
nl-NLDutch (Netherlands)
lood:massa/volume:moment:XXX:kwantitatief:
et-EEEstonian (Estonia)
Plii:MCnc:Pt:XXX:Qn:
fr-BEFrench (Belgium)
Plomb:Concentration de masse:Temps ponctuel:XXX:Quantitatif:
fr-CAFrench (Canada)
Plomb:Concentration de masse:Temps ponctuel:XXX:Quantitatif:
fr-FRFrench (France)
Plomb:Masse/Volume:Ponctuel:Milieux divers:Numérique:
el-GRGreek (Greece)
Μόλυβδος:Συγκέντρωση μάζας:Χρονική στιγμή:ΧΧΧ:Ποσοτική:
it-ITItalian (Italy)
Piombo:MCnc:Pt:XXX:Qn:
ko-KRKorean (Korea, Republic of)
납:질량농도:검사시점:XXX:정량:
pt-BRPortuguese (Brazil)
Chumbo:MCnc:Pt:XXX:Qn:
ru-RURussian (Russian Federation)
Свинец:МассКонц:ТчкВрм:XXX:Колич:
es-ARSpanish (Argentina)
LEAD:concentración de masa:punto en el tiempo:XXX:cuantitativo:
es-ESSpanish (Spain)
Plomo:Concentración de masa:Punto temporal:XXX:Qn:
tr-TRTurkish (Turkey)
Kurşun:KütlKons:Zmlı:XXX:Kant:

Example Units

Unit Source
ug/dL Example UCUM Units

LOINC FHIR® API Example - CodeSystem Request Get Info

https://fhir.loinc.org/CodeSystem/$lookup?system=http://loinc.org&code=23749-5