LOINC
Version 2.67

LP14263-5Mycoplasma hyopneumoniaeActive

Description

LP14263-5   Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae
Veterinary medicine:
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae is among the smallest bacteria in nature and lacks a cell wall. It is prevalent in swine herds worldwide and causes nominal distress unless present with other bacteria and viruses. When infection with M hyoopneumoniae occurs in concert with the viruses porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) or porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), symptoms become severe and the duration of illness increases. M hyopneumoniae causes the destruction of cilia and epithelial death by attaching to the epithelial cilia of the lower airways. M hyopneumoniae eludes the immune system of the pig at the gene level by switching what proteins emerge on its cell surface. Culture is not recommended to identify M hyopneumoniae due to its slow and fastidious growth. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays are available, but have low negative predictive values, which may be due in part to a reduced interaction of the immune system within the airways, where M hyopneumoniae colonizes. Nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) uses two primers to detect M hyopneumoniae and has increased the accuracy of detecting M hyopneumoniae. [PMID: 15984347] Transmission of M hyopneumoniae is by direct contact with nasal secretion or inhalation of aerosols over short distances. There is an increased incidence of infection with M hyopneumoniae when the pigs are crowded closely together, there is poor air quality, there are fluctuations in temperature and humidity, and when other pathogens are present.[https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/mycoplasma-hyopneumoniae] Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Basic Part Properties

Name
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae
Type
Component
Created On
2000-05-04
Construct for LOINC Short Name
M hyopneumo

LOINC FHIR® API Example - CodeSystem Request Get Info

https://fhir.loinc.org/CodeSystem/$lookup?system=http://loinc.org&code=LP14263-5

Language Variants Get Info

zh-CNChinese (CHINA)
猪肺炎支原体
nl-NLDutch (NETHERLANDS)
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae
et-EEEstonian (ESTONIA)
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae
fr-BEFrench (BELGIUM)
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae
fr-CAFrench (CANADA)
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae
it-ITItalian (ITALY)
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae
ru-RURussian (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae
es-ESSpanish (SPAIN)
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae
Synonyms: M hyopneumoniae;Micoplasmosis porcina respiratoria
tr-TRTurkish (TURKEY)
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae
Synonyms: Micoplasmosis porcina respiratoria