Version 2.76

Description

Leukocytes or white blood cells (WBCs) are immune cells that fight infection, neoplasms and other inflammatory conditions, and mediate allergic responses. There are five types of WBCs normally present in the circulation that are all derived from a similar stem cell in the bone marrow. The five type of WBCs are divided into two groups based on the presence or absence of granules in the cytoplasm. The granulocytes include the neutrophils, basophils and eosinophils. The non-granulocytes include the lymphocytes and the monocytes. The neutrophils fight infection by ingesting and digesting bacteria. Eosinophils and basophils respond to allergic reactions and are capable of ingesting antigen-antibody complexes. Monocytes phagocytose bacteria and release interferon to stimulate the immune system. Lymphocytes are divided into T-cells and B-cells. T-cell immunity is cellular and involves the activation of phagocytes and B-cell immunity uses antibodies to fight infection. Both elevated and low leukocyte counts can be markers of infection and malignancy, and low leukocyte counts are associated with a variety of primary and secondary immunodeficiencies, depending on the WBC type(s) that are out of range. (Mosby's manual of diagnostic and laboratory tests, Kathleen Deska Pagana; Timothy James Pagana, Elsevier St. Louis, Mo ©2010) Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Basic Part Properties

Part Display Name
Leukocytes
Part Type
Component (Describes the core component or analyte measured)
Created On
2000-05-04
Construct for LOINC Short Name
WBC

LOINC Terminology Service (API) using HL7® FHIR® Get Info

CodeSystem lookup
https://fhir.loinc.org/CodeSystem/$lookup?system=http://loinc.org&code=LP14419-3

Language Variants Get Info

Tag Language Translation
zh-CN Chinese (China) 白细胞
Synonyms: Leuc;Leuk;Lkcs;WBC;WBCs;白细胞;White blood cell;WBC;白细胞类;白细胞类髓系细胞;白血球;白血细胞;白细胞数
fr-CA French (Canada) Leucocytes
et-EE Estonian (Estonia) Leukotsüüdid
es-ES Spanish (Spain) Leucocitos
it-IT Italian (Italy) Leucociti
el-GR Greek (Greece) Λευκοκύτταρα
tr-TR Turkish (Turkey) Lökositler
ru-RU Russian (Russian Federation) Лейкоциты
nl-NL Dutch (Netherlands) leukocyten
fr-BE French (Belgium) Leucocytes
pl-PL Polish (Poland) Leukocyty
Synonyms: Leukocyty