LOINC
Version 2.67

LP14732-9PhenytoinActive

Descriptions

LP14732-9   Phenytoin
Phenytoin sodium (marketed as Dilantin ® in the USA and as Epanutin ® in the UK, by Parke-Davis, now part of Pfizer) is a commonly used antiepileptic. It was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 1953 for use in seizures. It dampens the unwanted, runaway brain activity seen in seizure by reducing electrical conductance among brain cells. Copyright Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ for details. Source: Wikipedia, Phenytoin (Wikipedia)

LP14732-9   Phenytoin
An anticonvulsant that is used to treat a wide variety of seizure disorders. It is also an anti-arrhythmic and a muscle relaxant. The mechanism of therapeutic action is not clear, although several cellular actions have been described including effects on ion channels, active transport, and general membrane stabilization. The mechanism of its muscle relaxant effect appears to involve a reduction in the sensitivity of muscle spindles to stretch. Phenytoin has been proposed for several other therapeutic uses, but its use has been limited by its side effects and interactions with other drugs. [MeSH: Phenytoin] Source: National Library of Medicine, MeSH 2006, MeSH: Phenytoin

Basic Part Properties

Name
Phenytoin
Type
Component
Created On
2000-05-04
Construct for LOINC Short Name
Phenytoin

LOINC FHIR® API Example - CodeSystem Request Get Info

https://fhir.loinc.org/CodeSystem/$lookup?system=http://loinc.org&code=LP14732-9

Language Variants Get Info

zh-CNChinese (CHINA)
苯妥英
Synonyms: C15H12N2O2;二苯乙内酰脲;苯妥营;二苯基乙内酰脲;二苯尿囊素
nl-NLDutch (NETHERLANDS)
fenytoïne
et-EEEstonian (ESTONIA)
Fenütoiin
fr-BEFrench (BELGIUM)
Phénytoïne
fr-CAFrench (CANADA)
Phénytoïne
el-GRGreek (GREECE)
Φαινυντοΐνη
it-ITItalian (ITALY)
Fenitoina
ru-RURussian (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)
Фенитоин
es-ESSpanish (SPAIN)
Fenitoína
Synonyms: Difenilhidantoína;DI-HYDAN;Dilantin;Dilj;DPH;Epanutin;Fenantoin;Lehydan;Phenhydan;Sinergina;Zentropil
tr-TRTurkish (TURKEY)
Fenitoin
Synonyms: DI-HYDAN