LOINC
Version 2.67

LP14836-8Human papilloma virusActive

Descriptions

LP14836-8   Human papilloma virus
A group of about 30 HPVs, typically transmitted through sexual contact. Genital HPV infection is very common, with estimates suggesting that up to 75% of women will become infected with one or more of the sexually transmitted HPV types at some point during adulthood (Baseman and Koutsky, 2005). Some sexually transmitted HPVs, such as types 6 and 11, can cause genital warts. However, most HPV types that infect the genitals tend not to cause noticeable symptoms. Persistent infection with a subset of about a dozen so-called high-risk sexually transmitted HPVs, including types 16,18,31, and 33, can lead to the development of anogenital cancers, including cervical, penile and anal. HPV infection is a necessary factor in the development of nearly all cases of cervical cancer (Walboomers 1999). Cervical Pap smear testing is used to detect HPV-induced cellular abnormalities. This allows targeted surgical removal of pre-cancerous lesions prior to the development of invasive cervical cancer. Copyright Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ for details. Source: Wikipedia, Human papilloma virus (Wikipedia)

LP14836-8   Human papilloma virus
Copyright Copyright © 2001-2019 American Association for Clinical Chemistry Source: Lab Tests Online®, Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Test

LP14836-8   Human papilloma virus
The human papilloma viruses (HPVs) belong to the family Papillomaviridae, which are small, nonenveloped deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) viruses. The HPV genome includes DNA sequences for six early (E1, E2, E4, E5, E6, and E7) and two late (L1 and L2) proteins. There are more than 100 types of HPV. The viruses can be classified into high and low risk types based on their ability to cause cancer. HPV is most often transmitted sexually but has been know to spread during nonsexual encounters and even rarely through fomites. At least 40 HPV types can infect the genital area. Most sexually active persons become infected with HPV at least once. HPV types 16 and 18 are oncogenic, high risk and cause most cervical, penile, vulvar, vaginal, anal and oropharyngeal cancers and precancers. Non oncogenic, low-risk HPV types (e.g., 6, 11) cause genital warts and recurrent respiratory papillomatosis. Since subclinical genital HPV infection generally clears spontaneously, treatment is only directed to the macroscopic (e.g., genital warts) or pathologic HPV-caused precancerous lesions. Cervical cancer is the only HPV-associated cancer for which routine screening is recommended. Vaccines are available to protect against oncogenic as well as common nononcogenic types. [PMID: 27127735] [CDC:std/tg2015/hpv] [CDC:std/tg2015/hpv-cancer] Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Basic Part Properties

Name
Human papilloma virus
Type
Component
Created On
2000-05-04
Construct for LOINC Short Name
HPV

LOINC FHIR® API Example - CodeSystem Request Get Info

https://fhir.loinc.org/CodeSystem/$lookup?system=http://loinc.org&code=LP14836-8

Language Variants Get Info

zh-CNChinese (CHINA)
人乳头瘤病毒
Synonyms: HPV;人乳头瘤病毒(Human papilloma virus,HPV);人类乳头瘤病毒;生殖器疣
nl-NLDutch (NETHERLANDS)
Humaan papillomavirus
et-EEEstonian (ESTONIA)
Inimese papilloomiviirus
fr-BEFrench (BELGIUM)
Virus du papillome humain
Synonyms: HPV
fr-CAFrench (CANADA)
Virus du papillome humain
it-ITItalian (ITALY)
Papilloma virus umano
ru-RURussian (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)
Вирус папилломы человека
es-ESSpanish (SPAIN)
Papilomavirus humano
Synonyms: Papiloma;Papiloma virus humano
tr-TRTurkish (TURKEY)
Human papilloma virüsü
Synonyms: Papiloma virus humano