LOINC
Version 2.73

LP15472-1CarbonateActive

Description

LP15472-1   Carbonate
In chemistry, a carbonate is a salt or ester of carbonic acid, characterized by the presence of the carbonate ion, CO2−3 or a carbonate functional group O=C(O-)2.

It works as a buffer in the blood as follows: when pH is too low, the concentration of hydrogen ions is too high, so one exhales CO2. This will cause the equation to shift left, essentially decreasing the concentration of H+ ions, causing a more basic pH.
When pH is too high, the concentration of hydrogen ions in the blood is too low, so the kidneys excrete bicarbonate (HCO3−). This causes the equation to shift right, essentially increasing the concentration of hydrogen ions, causing a more acidic pH. Copyright Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ for details. Source: Wikipedia, Carbonate

Basic Part Properties

Name
Carbonate
Type
Component
Created On
2000-05-04
Construct for LOINC Short Name
Carbonate

LOINC FHIR® API Example - CodeSystem Request Get Info

https://fhir.loinc.org/CodeSystem/$lookup?system=http://loinc.org&code=LP15472-1

Language Variants Get Info

zh-CNChinese (China)
碳酸
nl-NLDutch (Netherlands)
carbonaat
et-EEEstonian (Estonia)
Karbonaat
fr-BEFrench (Belgium)
Carbonate
Synonyms: CO3--
fr-CAFrench (Canada)
Carbonate
it-ITItalian (Italy)
Carbonato
ru-RURussian (Russian Federation)
Карбонат
es-ESSpanish (Spain)
Carbonato
Synonyms: Carbonato ácido
tr-TRTurkish (Turkey)
Karbonat