LOINC
Version 2.73

LP16194-0MethamphetamineActive

Description

LP16194-0   Methamphetamine
Methamphetamine (MA) is a drug of abuse also referred to as meth, crystal and speed. It is a central nervous system stimulant that can be injected, smoked, snorted or ingested. Short-term MA abuse causes an increase of energy, sense of well-being and decreased appetite that lasts 6-8 hours.[PMID:19042205] MA use can lead to stroke, cardiac arrhythmia, stomach cramps, shaking, anxiety, insomnia, paranoia, hallucinations, and structural changes to the brain. Pregnant women who use MA can cause growth retardation, premature birth, and developmental disorders in neonates and long lasting intellectual deficits to the children as they grow. [PMID:10908000] Users addicted to MA experience withdrawal symptoms that include dysphoria, fatigue, insomnia and an increased appetite. In chronic MA users positron emission tomography has proven a decrease in dopamine D2 receptors which is associated with mental deterioration that can be reversed to some extent after abstaining from MA.[PMID:19042205] Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Basic Part Properties

Name
Methamphetamine
Type
Component
Created On
2000-05-04
Construct for LOINC Short Name
Methamphet

LOINC FHIR® API Example - CodeSystem Request Get Info

https://fhir.loinc.org/CodeSystem/$lookup?system=http://loinc.org&code=LP16194-0

Language Variants Get Info

zh-CNChinese (China)
甲基苯丙胺
Synonyms: C10H15N;去氧麻黄碱;甲基苯异丙胺;脱氧麻黄碱
nl-NLDutch (Netherlands)
methamfetamine
et-EEEstonian (Estonia)
Metamfetamiin
fr-BEFrench (Belgium)
Méthamphétamine
fr-CAFrench (Canada)
Méthamphétamine
it-ITItalian (Italy)
Metanfetamina
ru-RURussian (Russian Federation)
Метамфетамин
es-ESSpanish (Spain)
Metanfetamina
tr-TRTurkish (Turkey)
Metamfetamin