LOINC
Version 2.73

LP16273-2quiNINEActive

Descriptions

LP16273-2   quiNINE
Quinine is a natural white crystalline alkaloid having antipyretic, anti-malarial with analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties and a bitter taste. It is a stereoisomer of quinidine. Quinine was previously superseded by chloroquine, but is now again the drug of choice for treatment of falciparum malaria because of the rise of chloroquine resistance. Quinine is available with a prescription in the U.S. Quinine is also used to treat nocturnal leg cramps and arthritis and it has also been used (with limited success) to treat people who had been infected by prions. It was once a popular heroin adulterant. Copyright Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ for details. Source: Wikipedia, Quinine (Wikipedia)

LP16273-2   quiNINE
An alkaloid derived from the bark of the cinchona tree. It is used as an antimalarial drug, and is the active ingredient in extracts of the cinchona that have been used for that purpose since before 1633. Quinine is also a mild antipyretic and analgesic and has been used in common cold preparations for that purpose. It was used commonly and as a bitter and flavoring agent, and is still useful for the treatment of babesiosis. Quinine is also useful in some muscular disorders, especially nocturnal leg cramps and myotonia congenita, because of its direct effects on muscle membrane and sodium channels. The mechanisms of its antimalarial effects are not well understood. Source: National Library of Medicine, MeSH 2006

Basic Part Properties

Name
quiNINE
Type
Component
Created On
2000-05-04
Construct for LOINC Short Name
quiNINE

LOINC FHIR® API Example - CodeSystem Request Get Info

https://fhir.loinc.org/CodeSystem/$lookup?system=http://loinc.org&code=LP16273-2

Language Variants Get Info

zh-CNChinese (China)
奎宁
Synonyms: C20H24N2O2·H2O;奎宁化合物;奎诺酊;金纳碱;金鸡纳碱;金鸡纳霜
nl-NLDutch (Netherlands)
quinine
et-EEEstonian (Estonia)
Kiniin
fr-BEFrench (Belgium)
Quinine
fr-CAFrench (Canada)
Quinine
it-ITItalian (Italy)
Chinino
ru-RURussian (Russian Federation)
Хинин
es-ESSpanish (Spain)
Quinina
tr-TRTurkish (Turkey)
Kuinin