Version 2.74


Parietal cells are epithelial cells which secrete acid (HCl) and intrinsic factor into the stomach. Acid is required for proper digestion of food and Intrinsic factor is required for the absorption of Vitamin B12 in the small intestine. An inbalance of either will cause disease. Excessive acid production can cause peptic ulcers. Autoantibodies against the parietal cells or intrinsic factor cause either a reduction in vitamin B12 absorption (pernicious anemia) or Achlorydria, where the parietal cells are damaged, unable to produce enough gastric acid, causing an increased pH in the stomach, leading to digestive problems and an increase in the risk of gastroenteritis (an inflammation of the GI tract). [PMID:15309122] [PMID:3048449] Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Basic Part Properties

Parietal cell
Part Type
Component (Describes the core component or analyte measured)
Created On
Construct for LOINC Short Name

LOINC Terminology Service (API) using HL7® FHIR®

CodeSystem lookup$lookup?system=

Language Variants

Tag Language Translation
zh-CN Chinese (China) 壁细胞
Synonyms: 周缘细胞;旁细胞;膜壁细胞
fr-CA French (Canada) Cellule pariétale
et-EE Estonian (Estonia) Parietaalrakkudevastased
es-ES Spanish (Spain) Célula parietal
it-IT Italian (Italy) Cellula parietale
tr-TR Turkish (Turkey) Paryetal hücre
ru-RU Russian (Russian Federation) Париетальная клетка
nl-NL Dutch (Netherlands) pariëtale cellen
fr-BE French (Belgium) Cellule pariétale