LOINC
Version 2.67

LP16737-6Rabies virusActive

Descriptions

LP16737-6   Rabies virus
The type species of LYSSAVIRUS causing rabies in humans and other animals. Transmission is mostly by animal bites through saliva. The virus is neurotropic multiplying in neurons and myotubes of vertebrates. Source: National Library of Medicine, MeSH 2006

LP16737-6   Rabies virus
Rabies virus (RV), is an enveloped, single-stranded, negative sense RNA virus and a member of the Rhabdoviridae family. It is transmitted when an animal infected with RV bites an individual or the saliva from an infected animal comes into contact with an open wound. Once RV penetrates the muscle or connective tissue it begins to replicate and then infiltrates the peripheral nerves through the neuromuscular junction. From there, RV spreads to the central nervous system (CNS) in the endoneurium of the Schwann cells. If bitten by an animal that may have RV infection, rabies immune globulin and rabies vaccine should be administered. Otherwise, there is no treatment for infection by RV other than supportive care, and acute infection of the CNS is almost always fatal. In countries where preventative care is not practiced, RV is still widespread. In Asia, 30,000 people die annually from RV infection. Diagnosis of RV is done on two tissue specimens from the brain that are analyzed by direct fluorescent antibody (DFA), mouse inoculation, tissue culture and polymerase chain reaction.[https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3307483/] Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Basic Part Properties

Name
Rabies virus
Type
Component
Created On
2000-05-04
Construct for LOINC Short Name
RABV

LOINC FHIR® API Example - CodeSystem Request Get Info

https://fhir.loinc.org/CodeSystem/$lookup?system=http://loinc.org&code=LP16737-6

Language Variants Get Info

zh-CNChinese (CHINA)
狂犬病病毒
Synonyms: RABV;儿犬病;恐水病;狂犬病;狂犬病毒;麻痹型狂犬病
nl-NLDutch (NETHERLANDS)
Hondsdolheidvirus
et-EEEstonian (ESTONIA)
Marutõveviirus
fr-BEFrench (BELGIUM)
Virus de la rage
fr-CAFrench (CANADA)
Virus de la rage
it-ITItalian (ITALY)
Rabbia, virus
Synonyms: Virus della rabbia
ru-RURussian (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)
Бешенства вирус
es-ESSpanish (SPAIN)
Virus de la Rabia
Synonyms: Lisavirus;Rabia;RABV
tr-TRTurkish (TURKEY)
Kuduz virüsü
Synonyms: Rabia