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LP17110-5Campylobacter jejuniActive


LP17110-5   Campylobacter jejuni
A species of bacteria that resemble small tightly coiled spirals. Its organisms are known to cause abortion in sheep and fever and enteritis in man and may be associated with enteric diseases of calves, lambs, and other animals. Source: National Library of Medicine, MeSH 2006

LP17110-5   Campylobacter jejuni
Campylobacter jejuni is a species of curved, rod-shaped, non-spore forming, Gram-negative microaerophilic, bacteria commonly found in animal feces. It is one of the most common causes of human gastroenteritis in the world. Food poisoning caused by Campylobacter species can be severely debilitating, but is rarely life-threatening. It has been linked with subsequent development of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), which usually develops two to three weeks after the initial illness.

C. jejuni is commonly associated with poultry, and it naturally colonises the digestive tract of many bird species. One study found that 30% of European Starlings in farm settings in Oxfordshire, United Kingdom, were carriers of C. jejuni. It has also been isolated from wombat and kangaroo feces, being a cause of bushwalkers' diarrhea. Contaminated drinking water and unpasteurized milk provide an efficient means for distribution. Contaminated food is a major source of isolated infections, with incorrectly prepared meat and poultry normally the source of the bacteria.

Infection with C. jejuni usually results in enteritis, which is characterised by abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, and malaise. The symptoms usually persist for between 24 hours and a week, but may be longer. Diarrhea can vary in severity from loose stools to bloody stools. The disease is usually self-limiting. However, it does respond to antibiotics. Severe (accompanying fevers, blood in stools) or prolonged cases may require ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, azithromycin or norfloxacin. The drug of choice is usually erythromycin. About 90% of cases respond to ciprofloxacin treatment. Fluid and electrolyte replacement may be required for serious cases. Copyright Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ for details. Source: Wikipedia, Wikipedia

Basic Part Properties

Campylobacter jejuni
Created On
Construct for LOINC Short Name
C jejuni

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Language Variants Get Info

zh-CNChinese (China)
Synonyms: 空肠弯曲杆菌
nl-NLDutch (Netherlands)
Campylobacter jejuni
et-EEEstonian (Estonia)
Campylobacter jejuni
fr-BEFrench (Belgium)
Campylobacter jejuni
fr-CAFrench (Canada)
Campylobacter jejuni
it-ITItalian (Italy)
Campylobacter jejuni
ru-RURussian (Russian Federation)
Campylobacter jejuni
es-ESSpanish (Spain)
Campylobacter jejuni
Synonyms: C jejuni
tr-TRTurkish (Turkey)
Campylobacter jejuni