LOINC
Version 2.70

LP200137-0Zika virusActive

Description

LP200137-0   Zika virus
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a flavivirus transmitted primarily by the Aedes mosquito which was first identified in a sentinel monkey in the Zika forest in Uganda in 1947. Since 2014 it has spread explosively in the Americas where it has infected hundreds of thousands of people. About 80% of those infected are asymptomatic. Common symptoms include fever, headache, rash, arthralgia and conjunctivitis. Since the end of 2015, there has been an increase in ZIKV-associated cases of Guillain-Barre syndrome and a tremendous increase in cases of microcephaly in fetuses and newborns in Brazil, raising worldwide public health concern. Recent predictions are that the mosquito species A. Albopictus, which can hibernate and survive cool temperatures, will carry ZIKV to more temperate areas of North America, Australia and Southern Europe. It is still not clear whether ZIKV in humans increases viral titers enough to trigger a new cycle when an infected person is bitten by a naïve mosquito. Direct human-to-human transmission has been documented to occur perinatally, sexually (primarily through semen), through breastfeeding, blood transfusion and through occupational transmission in the laboratory setting. There are currently no specific anti-viral agents, vaccination or medical prophylaxis available. [PMID: 27148186] Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Basic Part Properties

Name
Zika virus
Type
Component
Created On
2015-08-25
Construct for LOINC Short Name
ZIKV

LOINC FHIR® API Example - CodeSystem Request Get Info

https://fhir.loinc.org/CodeSystem/$lookup?system=http://loinc.org&code=LP200137-0

Language Variants Get Info

zh-CNChinese (China)
寨卡病毒
Synonyms: 塞卡病毒;Zika virus;Zika 病毒;ZIKV;济卡病毒;兹卡病毒
nl-NLDutch (Netherlands)
zikavirus
Synonyms: Zika-virus
it-ITItalian (Italy)
Zika virus
Synonyms: Virus Zika
es-ESSpanish (Spain)
Virus Zika
tr-TRTurkish (Turkey)
Zika virüs