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Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is an important swine pathogen that causes acute and chronic pleuropneumonia. Two A. pleuropneumoniae biovars have been identified: biovar I, which requires nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) for growth, and biovar II, which does not. The organism can also be classified into serotypes based on the capsular polysaccharide structure, with different serotypes being more common in different geographic areas. Serotyping is important for epidemiology and vaccine-development purposes. PMID: 28053219 Biotype I contains 13 serotypes (1-12, 15), and biotype II contains 2 (13-14). In general, serotypes in biovar II are the cause of most outbreaks in Europe, while those in biovar I are more common in North America, South America, and Asia. All serotypes are pathogenic, but serotypes 1, 5, 9, and 11 are considered to be the most virulent, and 10, 13, and 14 the least. [] Source: Regenstrief LOINC

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Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae
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Fragments For Synonyms
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