LOINC
Version 2.73

LP28458-5Leptospira interrogans sv BulgaricaActive

Descriptions

LP28458-5   Leptospira interrogans serovar Bulgarica
Leptospira is a flexible, spiral-shaped, Gram-negative spirochete with internal flagella. Leptospira interrogans has many serovars based on cell surface antigens. Most leptospirosis infections initially present with an acute onset of fever, headache and muscle pain, which symptoms last about a week. The three organ systems most frequently involved with more significant illness are the central nervous system, kidneys, and liver, and jaundice occurs with severe infections. With the appearance of antileptospiral antibodies, the acute phase of the disease subsides and leptospires can no longer be isolated from the blood. The disease is usually biphasic, with the acute phase followed by an immune phase, which occurs after an asymptomatic period of several days. The immune phase is associated with fever and central nervous system involvement, specifically meningitis. Leptospires appear in the urine during this phase and are shed for various periods depending on the host. Severe leptospirosis is associated with progressive impairment of hepatic and renal function, and renal failure is the most common cause of death.
Leptospirosis is a worldwide zoonosis with a variety of animal hosts. The primary reservoir is wild animals such as rodents, which can shed leptospires throughout their lifetimes. Domestic animals are also an important source of human infections. The disease is more widespread in tropical countries. Direct or indirect contact with urine containing virulent leptospires is the major means by which leptospirosis is transmitted.
Leptospira species, which include L. interrogans, L. autumnalis, L. borgpetersenii, and L. weili are further divided into more than 200 serotypes based on their antigenic composition. The more severe form of leptospirosis is frequently associated with the icterohaemorrhagiae serotype and is often referred to as Weil's disease. [NCBI Books:NBK8451] Source: Regenstrief LOINC, NCBI Books: NBK8451

LP28458-5   Leptospira interrogans serovar Bulgarica
Leptospira interrogans serovar Bulgarica is sporadically found in some areas of Queensland and New South Wales, and most cases are found in southern Queensland. The main carrier is likely the rat, and probable sources of infection include contact with soil, water or other materials contaminated with the urine of an infected animal. Bulgarica is one of the rarest leptospiral serovars found in Australia, with only occasional cases reported. [https://www.health.qld.gov.au/qhcss/qhss/lepto/documents/bulgarica.pdf] Source: Mater Hospital and Health Services, Queensland Department of Health: Leptospira interrogans serovar Bulgarica

Basic Part Properties

Name
Leptospira interrogans serovar Bulgarica
Type
Component
Created On
2001-05-15
Construct for LOINC Short Name
L inter Bulgar

LOINC FHIR® API Example - CodeSystem Request Get Info

https://fhir.loinc.org/CodeSystem/$lookup?system=http://loinc.org&code=LP28458-5

Language Variants Get Info

zh-CNChinese (China)
致病性钩端螺旋体 Bulgarica 血清型变种
Synonyms: Bulgarica 型致病性钩端螺旋体;Bulgarica 血清型变种(血清变型、血清变异株、血清变种)致病性钩端螺旋体;致病性钩端螺旋体 Bulgarica 型;钩体;问号钩端螺旋体
nl-NLDutch (Netherlands)
Leptospira interrogans serotype Bulgarica
fr-BEFrench (Belgium)
Leptospira interrogans serovar Bulgarica
fr-CAFrench (Canada)
Leptospira interrogans serovar Bulgarica
it-ITItalian (Italy)
Leptospira interrogans sierotipo Bulgarica
Synonyms: Leptospira interrogans serovar Bulgarica
ru-RURussian (Russian Federation)
Leptospira interrogans serovar Bulgarica
es-ESSpanish (Spain)
Leptospira interrogans serotipo Bulgarica
tr-TRTurkish (Turkey)
Leptospira interrogans serovar Bulgarica