LOINC
Version 2.73

LP28497-3Highlands J virusActive

Description

LP28497-3   Highlands J virus
The Highlands J (HJ) virus is a zoonotic alphavirus native to North and South America. It maintains a natural reservoir in the songbird population of freshwater swamps (generally scrub jays and blue jays) and is transmitted by the bite of the female Culiseta melanura mosquito.

Though nearly identical in structure and natural cycle to the Eastern equine encephalitis virus, it is considerably less virulent than its cousin, causing relatively mild symptoms in its primary avian reservoir and only nominally capable of transmission to mammals. A 1995 study conducted in Florida swampland found that 15% of swamp-dwelling jays tested positive for HJ antibodies, all of which were asymptomatic and in apparent good health. Recorded bird deaths from HJ infection are uncommon but not rare, and include several domestic turkeys at a commercial facility and young broiler chickens in an experimental setting.

Transmission to equines or humans via mosquito is also possible, though even more rare.

Despite its negligible virulence in humans, it is often tested for in US domestic mosquito control programs as an indicator of fruitful conditions for other mosquito-borne zoonoses to multiply. Copyright Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ for details. Source: Wikipedia, Wikipedia

Basic Part Properties

Name
Highlands J virus
Type
Component
Created On
2001-08-07
Construct for LOINC Short Name
HJV

LOINC FHIR® API Example - CodeSystem Request Get Info

https://fhir.loinc.org/CodeSystem/$lookup?system=http://loinc.org&code=LP28497-3

Language Variants Get Info

zh-CNChinese (China)
高地 J 病毒
Synonyms: HJV;高原 J 病毒
nl-NLDutch (Netherlands)
Highlands J virus
fr-BEFrench (Belgium)
Virus Highlands J
fr-CAFrench (Canada)
Virus Highlands J
it-ITItalian (Italy)
Highlands J, virus
Synonyms: Virus Highlands J
ru-RURussian (Russian Federation)
Хайлендс Джи вирус
es-ESSpanish (Spain)
Virus de Highlands J
Synonyms: HJV
tr-TRTurkish (Turkey)
Highlands J virüsü