Development of a Controlled Vocabulary-Based Adverse Drug Reaction Signal Dictionary for Multicenter Electronic Health Record-Based Pharmacovigilance.
Integration of controlled vocabulary-based electronic health record (EHR) observational data is essential for real-time large-scale pharmacovigilance studies. To provide a semantically enriched adverse drug reaction (ADR) dictionary for post-market drug safety research and enable multicenter EHR-based extensive ADR signal detection and evaluation, we developed a comprehensive controlled vocabulary-based ADR signal dictionary (CVAD) for pharmacovigilance. A CVAD consists of (1) administrative disease classifications of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes mapped to the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities Preferred Terms (MedDRA PTs); (2) two teaching hospitals' codes for laboratory test results mapped to the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) terms and MedDRA PTs; and (3) clinical narratives and ADRs encoded by standard nursing statements (encoded by the International Classification for Nursing Practice [ICNP]) mapped to the World Health Organization-Adverse Reaction Terminology (WHO-ART) terms and MedDRA PTs. Of the standard 4514 MedDRA PTs from Side Effect Resources (SIDER) 4.1, 1130 (25.03%), 942 (20.86%), and 83 (1.83%) terms were systematically mapped to clinical narratives, laboratory test results, and disease classifications, respectively. For the evaluation, we loaded multi-source EHR data. We first performed a clinical expert review of the CVAD clinical relevance and a three-drug ADR case analyses consisting of linezolid-induced thrombocytopenia, warfarin-induced bleeding tendency, and vancomycin-induced acute kidney injury. CVAD had a high coverage of ADRs and integrated standard controlled vocabularies to the EHR data sources, and researchers can take advantage of these features for EHR observational data-based extensive pharmacovigilance studies to improve sensitivity and specificity.
Drug safety. 2019 Jan;():.
Authors: Suehyun Lee, Jongsoo Han, Rae Woong Park, Grace Juyun Kim, John Hoon Rim, Jooyoung Cho, Kye Hwa Lee, Jisan Lee, Sujeong Kim, Ju Han Kim