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LP14287-4Trypanosoma cruziActive


LP14287-4   Trypanosoma cruzi
The kinetoplastid protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi is the organism that causes Chagas disease. It was discovered in 1909 in Brazil by Carlos Chagas. T cruzi is transmitted to mammals, birds, and reptiles by many of the over 130 species of triatomine bugs. T cruzi can be found in the United States, Mexico, Central America, and South America. The highest density of vector diversity of T cruzi is in the western United States where woodrats are its most common reservoir. Other animals that harbor T cruzi include raccoons, skunks, and coyotes. Infection with T cruzi may be mild or asymptomatic, or rarely can be acute with severe inflammation of the heart muscle, the brain, and the lining around the brain. Approximately 8 million people are infected with T cruzi in Mexico, Central America, and South America, of whom 20-30% will develop symptoms and possibly life-threatening disease. T cruzi is visible on thin or thick blood smears during the acute phase of infection. There are also serological tests used to diagnose past or present infection with T cruzi.[https://www.cdc.gov/parasites/chagas/treatment.html][PMID:21976603] Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Basic Part Properties

Trypanosoma cruzi
Created On
Construct for LOINC Short Name
T cruzi

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Language Variants Get Info

zh-CNChinese (China)
Synonyms: 克式锥虫;克氏锥虫病;夏格氏病;库鲁兹锥虫;美洲锥虫;克鲁兹锥虫;恰加斯病
nl-NLDutch (Netherlands)
Trypanosoma cruzi
et-EEEstonian (Estonia)
Trypanosoma cruzi
fr-BEFrench (Belgium)
Trypanosoma cruzi
fr-CAFrench (Canada)
Trypanosoma cruzi
it-ITItalian (Italy)
Trypanosoma cruzi
ru-RURussian (Russian Federation)
Trypanosoma cruzi
es-ESSpanish (Spain)
Trypanosoma cruzi
Synonyms: Enfermedad de Chagas
tr-TRTurkish (Turkey)
Trypanosoma cruzi