LOINC
Version 2.71

LP19605-2Escherichia coliActive

Description

LP19605-2   Escherichia coli
Escherichia coli (EC) is a gram-negative, flagellated, rod-shaped bacterium. [https://vetmed.iastate.edu/vdpam/FSVD/swine/index-diseases/colibacillosis] The human gastrointestinal (GI) tract is colonized by EC within hours of birth. The natural barriers of the GI tract prevent infection by symbiotic EC except when they break down such as in peritonitis. EC occupy the mucous layer of the mammalian colon and is the most numerous anaerobe of the intestinal microflora. Some strains of EC have evolved virulence factors that precipitate serious disease including enteric diarrhea, urinary tract infections, sepsis and meningitis. The intestinal pathogens of EC include six pathotypes defined by the virulence factors they express. These include: enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC), enterohaemorrhagic E. coli(EHEC), enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC), enteroaggregative E. coli (EAEC), enteroinvasive E. coli (EIEC) and diffusely adherent E. coli (DAEC). Uropathogenic EC (UPEC) is the most common EC infection that occurs outside the GI tract. The EC pathotypes that infects extraintestinal locations have been designated ExPEC. The EC pathotypes that infect animals and cause disease include EPEC, EHEC and ETEC.[nature.com/nrmicro/journal/v2/n2/full/nrmicro818.html][vetres.org/articles/vetres/pdf/2006/01/v6008.pdf] Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Basic Part Properties

Name
Escherichia coli
Type
Component
Created On
2000-05-04
Construct for LOINC Short Name
E coli

LOINC FHIR® API Example - CodeSystem Request Get Info

https://fhir.loinc.org/CodeSystem/$lookup?system=http://loinc.org&code=LP19605-2

Language Variants Get Info

zh-CNChinese (China)
大肠埃希菌
Synonyms: E coli;大肠埃希氏杆菌;大肠埃希氏菌;大肠杆菌
nl-NLDutch (Netherlands)
Escherichia coli
et-EEEstonian (Estonia)
Escherichia coli
fr-BEFrench (Belgium)
Escherichia coli
fr-CAFrench (Canada)
Escherichia coli
it-ITItalian (Italy)
Escherichia coli
ru-RURussian (Russian Federation)
Escherichia coli
es-ESSpanish (Spain)
Escherichia coli
Synonyms: E coli;O2
tr-TRTurkish (Turkey)
Escherichia coli
Synonyms: O2