Version 2.77

Part Description

LP19502-1   DMD gene
The DMD gene (dystrophin) [HGNC Gene ID:2928] is located on chromosome Xp21.2. The dystrophin gene is the largest gene found in nature, measuring 2.4 Mb. The gene was identified through a positional cloning approach, targeted at the isolation of the gene responsible for Duchenne (DMD) and Becker (BMD) Muscular Dystrophies. DMD is a recessive, fatal, X-linked disorder occurring at a frequency of about 1 in 3,500 new-born males. BMD is a milder allelic form. In general, DMD patients carry mutations which cause premature translation termination (nonsense or frame shift mutations), while in BMD patients dystrophin is reduced either in molecular weight (derived from in-frame deletions) or in expression level. The dystrophin gene is highly complex, containing at least eight independent, tissue-specific promoters and two polyA-addition sites. Furthermore, dystrophin RNA is differentially spliced, producing a range of different transcripts, encoding a large set of protein isoforms. Dystrophin (as encoded by the Dp427 transcripts) is a large, rod-like cytoskeletal protein which is found at the inner surface of muscle fibers. Dystrophin is part of the dystrophin-glycoprotein complex (DGC), which bridges the inner cytoskeleton (F-actin) and the extra-cellular matrix. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] [NCBI Gene ID:1756] Source: National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) Gene

Fully-Specified Name

DMD gene deletion+duplication

Additional Names

Short Name
DMD gene Del+Dup Bld/T MLPA
Display Name
DMD gene del and dup mutation analysis MLPA Doc (Bld/Tiss)
Consumer Name Alpha Get Info
DMD gene deletion/duplication analysis, Blood or tissue specimen

Basic Attributes

First Released
Version 2.50
Last Updated
Version 2.66
Change Reason
Based on LOINC Committee review (June 2019), updated the Property from "Prid" to "Find" and Scale from "Nar" to "Doc" to align with the current LOINC model for naming collections of information reported in narrative and/or structured formats.
Order vs. Observation

Language Variants Get Info

Tag Language Translation
es-ES Spanish (Spain) Gen de la Distrofia muscular (DMD) Delección+duplicación:Hallazgo:Punto temporal:Sangre o tejido:Doc:MLPA
es-MX Spanish (Mexico) Deleción + duplicación del gen DMD:Hallazgo:Punto temporal:Sangre o tejido:Documento:MLPA
fr-FR French (France) DMD gène délétion+duplication:Recherche:Ponctuel:Sang/Tissu:Document:MLPA
it-IT Italian (Italy) DMD, gene Delezione+duplicazione:Osservazione:Pt:Sangue/Tess:Doc:MLPA
Synonyms: Amplificazione legatura-dipendente multipla della delezione e duplicazione Delezione genetica Gene DMD Osservazione Patologia molecolare Punto nel tempo (episodio) Sangue Sangue o Tessuto Tessuto & Strisci
tr-TR Turkish (Turkey) DMD geni delesyon+duplikasyon:Bulgu:Zmlı:Kan/Dk:Dokm:MLPA
Synonyms: çiftleme
zh-CN Chinese (China) DMD 基因 缺失+重复:发现:时间点:全血/组织:文档型:多重连接探针扩增技术
Synonyms: BMD;DXS142;DXS164;DXS206;DXS230;DXS239;DXS268;DXS269;DXS270;DXS272;Dystrophin;假肥大性进行性肌肉萎缩;假肥大性进行性肌肉营养不良;抗肌肉萎缩蛋白;抗肌萎缩蛋白;抗肌萎缩蛋白(Dystrophin);抗肌营养不良蛋白;抗肌营养不良蛋白(Dystrophin);杜兴肌营养不良;肌肉萎缩症, Duchenne 与 Becker 型;肌肉营养不良症, Duchenne 与 Becker型;胞膜支架蛋白 Dystrophin multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification;MLPA;多重连接探针扩增;多重连接酶依赖的探针扩增技术;多重连接依赖型探针扩增技术 临床文档型;临床文档;文档;文书;医疗文书;临床医疗文书 全血或组织;血液/组织;血液或组织 分子病理学.基因缺失;分子病理学.缺失;分子病理学试验.基因缺失;分子病理学试验.缺失;分子病理学试验类.缺失;基因缺失;缺失 分子病理学;分子病理学试验 发现是一个原子型临床观察指标,并不是作为印象的概括陈述。体格检查、病史、系统检查及其他此类观察指标的属性均为发现。它们的标尺对于编码型发现可能是名义型,而对于叙述型文本之中所报告的发现,则可能是叙述型。;发现物;所见;结果;结论 基因复制;基因重复;重复 基因缺失(基因缺失、缺损、基因缺损、基因删除、删除、基因丢失)+重复(基因重复);基因缺失+重复 时刻;随机;随意;瞬间 未作说明的组织;组织;组织 & 涂片 染色体缺失;染色体区带缺失;基因缺失;缺损;基因缺损;基因删除;删除;基因丢失 血;血液 遗传基因;遗传因子;吉恩;生物基因

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