Version 2.77

Part Descriptions

LP15333-5   Alanine aminotransferase
Alanine transaminase or ALT is an enzyme (EC also called serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) or alanine aminotransferase (ALAT). It is found in serum and in various bodily tissues, but is most commonly associated with the liver. It catalyzes the two parts of the alanine cycle. It is commonly measured clinically as a part of a diagnostic evaluation of liver health. Significantly elevated levels of ALT often suggest the existence of other medical problems such as viral hepatitis, diabetes, congestive heart failure, bile duct problems, infectious mononucleosis, or myopathy. However, elevated levels of ALT do not automatically mean that medical problems exist. Fluctuation of ALT levels is normal over the course of the day, and ALT levels can also increase in response to strenuous physical exercise. Copyright Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. See for details. Source: Wikipedia, ALT

LP15333-5   Alanine aminotransferase
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is an enzyme produced primarily in the liver but are also found in the heart, skeletal muscles, pancreas and kidney cells. The main function of ALT is to convert alanine into pyruvate. ALT is released into the bloodstream when cells containing it are damaged. Increased levels of ALT in the blood provide an early indicator of liver damage. ALT is often measured with aspartate aminotransferase (AST) as part of a liver panel. High levels of ALT could indicate hepatitis, obstructed bile ducts, liver tumors, cirrhosis, alcoholism or other liver disorders. [Lab Tests Online:alt/tab/sample] Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Reference Information

Type Source Reference
Webcontent Lab Tests Online®Copyright Copyright © 2021 Lab Tests Online. All rights reserved. Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT)

Fully-Specified Name

Alanine aminotransferase

Additional Names

Short Name
ALT Bld-cCnc
Display Name
ALT (Bld) [Catalytic activity/Vol]
Consumer Name Alpha Get Info
Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT; SGPT), Blood

Basic Attributes

First Released
Version 2.52
Last Updated
Version 2.73
Order vs. Observation
Common Test Rank Get Info

Member of these Groups Get Info

LOINC Group Group Name
LG5272-2 Alanine aminotransferase|CCnc|Pt|ANYBldSerPl

Language Variants Get Info

Tag Language Translation
de-DE German (Germany) Alanin-Aminotransferase:Katalytische Konzentration:Zeitpunkt:Blut:Quantitativ:
Synonyms: ALT; GPT; ALAT
el-GR Greek (Greece) Πυροσταφυλική τρανσαμινάση:Καταλυτική Συγκέντρωση:Χρονική στιγμή:Αίμα:Ποσοτική:
Synonyms: SGPT (ALT)
es-ES Spanish (Spain) Alanina aminotransferasa:Concentración Catalítica:Punto temporal:Sangre:Qn:
Synonyms: Cuantitativo
es-MX Spanish (Mexico) Alanina aminotransferasa:Concentración catalítica:Punto temporal:Sangre:Cuantitativo:
et-EE Estonian (Estonia) Alaniini aminotransferaas:CCnc:Pt:B:Qn:
Synonyms: Juhuslik Kvantitatiivne Veri
fr-CA French (Canada) Alanine aminotransférase:Concentration catalytique:Temps ponctuel:Sang:Quantitatif:
fr-FR French (France) Alanine aminotransférase:Catalytique/Volume:Ponctuel:Sang:Numérique:
fr-BE French (Belgium) Alanine aminotransférase, Transaminase GP:Concentration catalytique:Temps ponctuel:Sang:Quantitatif:
Synonyms: ALT, ALAT, SGPT, GPT
it-IT Italian (Italy) Alanina aminotransferasi:CCnC:Pt:Sangue:Qn:
Synonyms: Chimica Concentrazione Catalitica Punto nel tempo (episodio) Sangue
nl-NL Dutch (Netherlands) alanine-aminotransferase:enzymatische activiteit/volume:moment:bloed:kwantitatief:
Synonyms: ALAT
pl-PL Polish (Poland) Aminotransferaza alaninowa:stężenie katalityczne:punkt w czasie:krew:ilościowy:
ru-RU Russian (Russian Federation) Аланин аминотрансфераза:КаталКонц:ТчкВрм:Кр:Колич:
Synonyms: Аланинаминотрансфераза;АЛТ;АлАт Каталитическая концентрация Количественный Кровь Точка во времени;Момент
tr-TR Turkish (Turkey) Alanin aminotransferaz:KtlKons:Zmlı:Kan:Kant:
zh-CN Chinese (China) 丙氨酸氨基转移酶:催化浓度:时间点:全血:定量型:
Synonyms: Ala;Alpha 丙氨酸;Alpha-丙氨酸;L-Ala;L-丙氨酸;α丙氨酸;α-丙氨酸;丙胺酸 ALT;GPT;SGPT;丙氨酸转氨酶;谷丙;谷丙转氨酶;谷氨酸-丙酮酸氨基转移酶;谷氨酸-丙酮酸转氨酶 催化浓度(单位体积);单位体积内酶的单位数 化学;化学检验项目;化学检验项目类;化学类;化学试验;非刺激耐受型化学检验项目;非刺激耐受型化学检验项目类;非刺激耐受型化学试验;非刺激耐受型化学试验类 可用数量表示的;定量性;数值型;数量型;连续数值型标尺 时刻;随机;随意;瞬间 血;血液

Example Units

Unit Source
U/L Example UCUM Units

LOINC Terminology Service (API) using HL7® FHIR® Get Info

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