Version 2.77

Part Description

LP14410-2   Streptococcus pneumoniae
Streptococcus pneumoniae are gram-positive cocci that are nonmotile and nonsporulating and usually require complex culture media. Older streptococcal cultures, beyond the most active growth period (the logarithmic phase), sometimes lose their gram-positive staining characteristics. S. pneumoniae are part of the normal respiratory tract flora. Disease usually results due to the acquisition of a new strain following a change in the normal flora, often due to a preceding virus. S. pneumonaie causes otitis media, sinusitis and pneumonia in the middle ear, sinuses or lungs, respectively. Meningitis can occur by bloodstream invasion from the lungs or by extension of otitis media or sinusitis to the meninges. Bacteremia can result in osteomyelitis (infection of bones) or arthritis (of joints). Most bacterial pneumonia occurring after the neonatal period is caused by S. pneumoniae. Pneumococcal pneumonia is seen most commonly in elderly or immunosuppressed individuals. In the United States, it is most prevalent in winter. Diagnosis is usually based on a sputum Gram stain and culture although blood or cerebrospinal fluid may be cultured. While penicillin has been the standard treatment, some strains have proven resistant to penicillin and multiple antibiotics. A vaccine exists. [NCBI Books:NBK7611] Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Fully-Specified Name

Streptococcus pneumoniae DNA
Respiratory system specimen.lower

Additional Names

Short Name
S pneum DNA L resp NAA+non-prb-NCncRng
Display Name
S. pneumoniae DNA NAA+non-probe (Lower resp) [NCncRange]
Consumer Name Alpha Get Info
Streptococcus pneumoniae, Lower respiratory

Example Answer List: LL5239-0

Source: BioFire Diagnostics LLC
Answer Code Score Answer ID
<10^3.5 copies/mL LA30121-0
10^3.5 - <10^4.5 copies/mL LA29765-7
10^4.5 - <10^5.5 copies/mL LA29766-5
10^5.5 - <10^6.5 copies/mL LA29767-3
10^6.5 - <10^7.5 copies/mL LA29768-1
>=10^7.5 copies/mL LA30120-2

Basic Attributes

First Released
Version 2.69
Last Updated
Version 2.77
Change Reason
Release 2.77: SYSTEM: Updated to standardize the representation of "Respiratory system specimen" in the System subhierarchy across LOINC;
Order vs. Observation

Member of these Panels

LOINC Long Common Name
92958-8 Respiratory pathogens DNA and RNA panel - Lower respiratory specimen by NAA with non-probe detection

Member of these Groups Get Info

LOINC Group Group Name
LG50894-1 Streptococcus pneumoniae DNA|NCncRange|Sys:ANYResp

Language Variants Get Info

Tag Language Translation
es-MX Spanish (Mexico) ADN de Streptococo pneumoniae:NCncRange:Punto temporal:Muestra de vías respiratorias inferiores:Ordinal:Amplificación de ácidos nucleicos con detección sin sonda
fr-FR French (France) Streptococcus pneumoniae ADN:Nombre/Volume (Valeurs de référence):Ponctuel:Voies respiratoires inférieures:Qualitatif:Non-PCR amplification de cible

LOINC Terminology Service (API) using HL7® FHIR® Get Info

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