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Borrelia burgdorferi is a Gram negative spirochete bacterium that causes Lyme disease. It is most commonly transmitted to humans by an infected tick. Typical symptoms include fever, headache, fatigue, and a characteristic skin rash called erythema migrans that usually spreads from the bite mark. If left untreated, infection can spread to joints, the heart, and the nervous system. Paralysis of one or both sides of the face may occur. Treatment often requires antibiotics. This bacterium is microaerophillic and slow-growing, explaining the long delays when diagnosing Lyme disease. There are a large number of sub-species which differ in clinical symptoms and presentation as well as geographic distribution. The life-cycle of B. burgdorferi is complex, requiring ticks, rodents, and deer as temporary hosts. Mice are the primary reservoir for the bacteria that are transmitted to deer by the tick Ixodes scapularis. Copyright Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. See for details. Source: Wikipedia, Borrelia burgdorferi (Wikipedia)

A species of a Gram negative spitochete that belongs to the Borrelia burgdorferi group and causes Lyme disease. Source: National Library of Medicine, MeSH 2006

Basic Part Properties

Part Display Name
Borrelia burgdorferi
Part Type
Component (Describes the core component or analyte measured)
Created On
Construct for LOINC Short Name
B burgdor

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Language Variants Get Info

Tag Language Translation
zh-CN Chinese (China) 伯氏疏螺旋体
Synonyms: 伯氏包柔螺旋体;伯氏包柔氏螺旋体
fr-CA French (Canada) Borrelia burgdorferi
et-EE Estonian (Estonia) Borrelia burgdorferi
es-ES Spanish (Spain) Borrelia burgdorferi
it-IT Italian (Italy) Borrelia burgdorferi
tr-TR Turkish (Turkey) Borrelia burgdorferi
ru-RU Russian (Russian Federation) Borrelia burgdorferi
nl-NL Dutch (Netherlands) Borrelia burgdorferi
Synonyms: borrelia burgdorferi
fr-BE French (Belgium) Borrelia burgdorferi
pl-PL Polish (Poland) Borrelia burgdorferi
Synonyms: Borrelia burgdorferi