Version 2.77


The kinetoplastid protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi is the organism that causes Chagas disease. It was discovered in 1909 in Brazil by Carlos Chagas. T cruzi is transmitted to mammals, birds, and reptiles by many of the over 130 species of triatomine bugs. T cruzi can be found in the United States, Mexico, Central America, and South America. The highest density of vector diversity of T cruzi is in the western United States where woodrats are its most common reservoir. Other animals that harbor T cruzi include raccoons, skunks, and coyotes. Infection with T cruzi may be mild or asymptomatic, or rarely can be acute with severe inflammation of the heart muscle, the brain, and the lining around the brain. Approximately 8 million people are infected with T cruzi in Mexico, Central America, and South America, of whom 20-30% will develop symptoms and possibly life-threatening disease. T cruzi is visible on thin or thick blood smears during the acute phase of infection. There are also serological tests used to diagnose past or present infection with T cruzi.[] PMID: 21976603 Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Basic Part Properties

Part Display Name
Trypanosoma cruzi
Part Type
Component (Describes the core component or analyte measured)
Created On
Construct for LOINC Short Name
T cruzi

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Language Variants Get Info

Tag Language Translation
zh-CN Chinese (China) 克氏锥虫
Synonyms: 克式锥虫;克氏锥虫病;夏格氏病;库鲁兹锥虫;美洲锥虫;克鲁兹锥虫;恰加斯病
fr-CA French (Canada) Trypanosoma cruzi
et-EE Estonian (Estonia) Trypanosoma cruzi
es-ES Spanish (Spain) Trypanosoma cruzi
it-IT Italian (Italy) Trypanosoma cruzi
tr-TR Turkish (Turkey) Trypanosoma cruzi
ru-RU Russian (Russian Federation) Trypanosoma cruzi
nl-NL Dutch (Netherlands) Trypanosoma cruzi
fr-BE French (Belgium) Trypanosoma cruzi
pl-PL Polish (Poland) Trypanosoma cruzi
Synonyms: Trypanosoma cruzi