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The herpes simplex virus (HSV) manifests itself in two common viral infections, each marked by painful, watery blisters in the skin or mucous membranes (such as the mouth or lips) or on the genitals. The disease is contagious, particularly during an outbreak, and is incurable with present technology. An infection on the lips is commonly known as a cold sore or fever blister. These are sometimes confused with canker sores or aphthous ulcers, which have a similar appearance; these appear inside the mouth and are not caused by the herpes simplex virus. When not symptomatic HSV lies dormant in nerve cells, growing along the axons of the skin during an outbreak. When the outbreak has passed, the virus 'dies back' along the nerve until it is only present in the nerve body. The dormancy of the virus within the nerve bodies contributes to the difficulty of treatment. Copyright Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. See for details. Source: Wikipedia, Herpes simplex virus (Wikipedia)

Herpes viruses may cause a wide variety of lesions. Approximately 85% of primary genital HSV infections and 99% of recurrent disease are caused by HSV-2. Immunocompromised patients are at higher risk for development of severe infections. HSV infection causes expression of a beta-galactosidase "reporter gene." Expression of this gene can be used to monitor HSV infection. Information from LOINC partner 1 and Jacobs and DeMott Laboratory Test Handbook, 5th edition, DS Jacobs, WR DeMott and DK Oxley, 2001. (accessed 2007 07 02) Source: Regenstrief Institute

Reference Information

Type Source Reference
Webcontent Lab Tests Online®Copyright Copyright © 2021 Lab Tests Online. All rights reserved. Herpes Testing

Basic Part Properties

Part Display Name
Herpes simplex virus
Part Type
Component (Describes the core component or analyte measured)
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Language Variants Get Info

Tag Language Translation
zh-CN Chinese (China) 单纯疱疹病毒
Synonyms: HSV;Herpes simplex virus;单疱病毒;单疱
fr-CA French (Canada) Virus de l'herpès simplex
et-EE Estonian (Estonia) Lihtherpesviirus
es-ES Spanish (Spain) Virus Herpes simplex
it-IT Italian (Italy) Herpes simplex, virus
Synonyms: HSV
el-GR Greek (Greece) Ιός απλού έρπητα
tr-TR Turkish (Turkey) Herpes simplex virüsü
ru-RU Russian (Russian Federation) Herpes simplex вирус
nl-NL Dutch (Netherlands) herpes-simplexvirus
fr-BE French (Belgium) Virus de l'herpès simplex
Synonyms: HSV
pl-PL Polish (Poland) Wirus opryszczki pospolitej
Synonyms: Wirus opryszczki pospolitej