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The term opiate refers to the alkaloids found in opium, an extract from the seed pods of the opium poppy (Papaver somniferum L.). It encompasses natural and semi-synthetic derivatives of morphine. The term is often incorrectly used to refer to all drugs with opium- or morphine-like pharmacological action, which are more properly classified under the broader term opioid. The main opiates derived from opium are morphine, codeine and thebaine. Papaverine and noscapine are included, but have essentially no effect on the central nervous system, and are not usually considered to be opioids. Papaveretum is a standardised preparation of mixed opium alkaloids used on cardiac patients. Copyright Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. See for details. Source: Wikipedia, Opiates

Opiates are narcotic drugs sometimes used to control pain, but have high abuse potential. Opiates tend to relax users. This group of drugs includes opium, morphine, and codeine. Synthetic opiates based on the phenanthrene nucleus of morphine include hydromorphone, hydrocodone, oxymorphone, oxycodone, dihydrocodeine, meperidine, and levorphanol. Opium comes in chunks and powder and may be eaten or smoked. Heroin is a manufactured opiate and is made into a powder that may be dissolved in water and injected. (Jacobs and DeMott Laboratory Test Handbook, 5th edition, DS Jacobs, WR DeMott and DK Oxley, 2001) Source: Regenstrief Institute

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Language Variants Get Info

Tag Language Translation
zh-CN Chinese (China) 阿片制剂
Synonyms: 二乙酰吗啡;海洛因;鸦片;鸦片剂;鸦片麻醉剂;麻醉剂
fr-CA French (Canada) Opiacés
et-EE Estonian (Estonia) Opiaadid
es-ES Spanish (Spain) Opiáceos
it-IT Italian (Italy) Oppiacei
tr-TR Turkish (Turkey) Opiyatlar
ru-RU Russian (Russian Federation) Опиаты
nl-NL Dutch (Netherlands) opiaten
fr-BE French (Belgium) Opiacés