Version 2.77


Human parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs) have been recognized as a cause of respiratory tract infections for many decades. They belong to the Paramyxoviridae family, subfamily Paramyxovirinae, and are classified into 4 serotypes. Serotype 4 can be further subdivided into 2 antigenic subtypes, HPIV-4A and HPIV-4B. Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC

Parainfluenza virus is from the family Paramyxoviridae and the genera Paramyxovirus which includes the parainfluenza viruses and the mumps virus. Paramyxoviruses are particles up to 300 nm in diameter. They are spiral, tube-like symmetrical nucleocapsids which contain a monopartite, single-stranded, negative-sense RNA genome and an RNA-directed RNA polymerase. There is a matrix protein at the base of a double-layered lipid envelope which contains spikes with two glycoproteins, a viral attachment protein and a fusion protein. The viral protein spikes in parainfluenza viruses have hemagglutinating and neuraminidase activities. As all paramyxoviruses are labile, they are quickly inactivated (e.g., by heat, detergents, ultraviolet light). Primary infections occur in young children and cause mild or severe upper and lower respiratory tract infections. Reinfection is common and results in milder manifestation. Transmission is by direct contact or by droplets. Parainfluenza virus diseases are usually endemic although they can be epidemic. [NCBI Books:NBK8461] Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Basic Part Properties

Part Display Name
Parainfluenza virus 1+2+3+4
Part Type
Component (Describes the core component or analyte measured)
Created On
Construct for LOINC Short Name
HPIV 1+2+3+4

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Language Variants Get Info

Tag Language Translation
zh-CN Chinese (China) 副流感病毒 1+2+3+4 型
Synonyms: HPIV1+2+3+4
es-ES Spanish (Spain) Parainfluenza virus 1+2+3+4
it-IT Italian (Italy) Parainfluenza virus 1+2+3+4
Synonyms: Virus parainfluenzale di tipo 1+2+3+4
tr-TR Turkish (Turkey) Parainfluenza virüsü 1+2+3+4
ru-RU Russian (Russian Federation) Парагрипп вирус 1+2+3+4
nl-NL Dutch (Netherlands) Para-influenzavirus 1+2+3+4
pl-PL Polish (Poland) Wirus paragrypy typ 1+2+3+4
Synonyms: Wirus paragrypy typ 1, 2, 3, 4