Version 2.77


Glucagon, a peptide hormone secreted by the pancreas, raises blood glucose levels. Its effect is opposite that of insulin, which lowers blood glucose levels. The pancreas releases glucagon when blood sugar (glucose) levels fall too low. Glucagon causes the liver to convert stored glycogen into glucose, which is released into the bloodstream. High blood glucose levels stimulate the release of insulin. Insulin allows glucose to be taken up and used by insulin-dependent tissues. Thus, glucagon and insulin are part of a feedback system that keeps blood glucose levels at a stable level. Glucagon belongs to a family of several other related hormones.

Abnormally-elevated levels of glucagon may be caused by pancreatic tumors, such as glucagonoma, symptoms of which include necrolytic migratory erythema, reduced amino acids, and hyperglycemia. It may occur alone or in the context of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1. Copyright Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. See for details. Source: Wikipedia, Glucagon (Wikipedia)

Glucagon is secreted by alpha cells of the islets of Langerhans. Glucogonemia occurs in diabetes in which only moderate elevations of glucagon may occur. HIgh levels (1,000-2,000 or greater) suggest glucogonoma in a diabetic. Source: Regenstrief Institute

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Tag Language Translation
zh-CN Chinese (China) 胰高血糖素
Synonyms: HGF;抗胰岛素;胰增血糖素;高血糖因子;高血糖因素;高血糖素
fr-CA French (Canada) Glucagon
et-EE Estonian (Estonia) Glükagoon
es-ES Spanish (Spain) Glucagón
it-IT Italian (Italy) Glucagone
tr-TR Turkish (Turkey) Glukagon
ru-RU Russian (Russian Federation) Глюкагон
nl-NL Dutch (Netherlands) glucagon
fr-BE French (Belgium) Glucagon