Version 2.77


Phytanic acid (or 3,7,11,15-tetramethyl hexadecanoic acid) is present in human diet or in animal tissues where it may be derived from chlorophyll in plant extracts. Phytanic acid derives from the corresponding alcohol, phytol , and is oxidized into pristanic acid. It can also characterize a precise human pathology, Refsum's syndrome. This inherited neurological disorder is characterized by an accumulation of a normal metabolite of phytol (phytanic acid) in blood and tissues, and the disorder was later found to be related to deficiency in the oxidation pathway in the liver. Freshwater sponges contain terpenoid acids such as 4,8,12-trimethyltridecanoic, phytanic and pristanic acids, which indicates that these acids may have chemotaxonomical significance for both marine and freshwater sponges. Phytanic acid accumaltes in the fat of ruminant animals. Most animals lack the necessary enzyme to cleave phytol from chlorophyll. Copyright Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. See for details. Source: Wikipedia, Phytanate (Wikipedia)

Phytantate testing aids in the detection of Refsum's disease. Elevated levels also found with abetalipoproteinemia. Source: Regenstrief Institute

Basic Part Properties

Part Display Name
Phytanate (C16:0(CH3)4)
Part Type
Component (Describes the core component or analyte measured)
Created On
Construct for LOINC Short Name

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Language Variants Get Info

Tag Language Translation
zh-CN Chinese (China) 植烷酸
Synonyms: 2,6,10,14-四甲基五癸酸;C16:0(CH3)4;植烷酸, C16:0(CH3)4
fr-CA French (Canada) Phytanate
et-EE Estonian (Estonia) Fütanaat
es-ES Spanish (Spain) Fitanato (C16:O(CH3)4)
it-IT Italian (Italy) Fitanato
Synonyms: Fitanato (C16:0(CH3)4)
tr-TR Turkish (Turkey) Fitanat
ru-RU Russian (Russian Federation) Фитанат
nl-NL Dutch (Netherlands) fytanaat
fr-BE French (Belgium) Phytanate