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Taurine (Latin taurus for bull, as it was first isolated from ox (Bos taurus) bile in 1827 by German scientists Friedrich Tiedemann and Leopold Gmelin) or 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid is an acidic chemical substance found in high abundance in the tissues of many animals (metazoa), especially sea animals. Taurine is also found in plants, fungi, and some bacteria, but in far less quantity. Taurine is a derivative of the sulphur-containing (sulfhydryl) amino acid, cysteine. Although it is often called an amino acid, even in scientific literature, it lacks a carboxyl group and therefore does not qualify as an amino acid. It does contain a sulfonate group and may be called an amino sulfonic acid. Small polypeptides have been identified which contain taurine but to date no tRNA synthetase has been identified that specifically recognizes taurine. Copyright Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. See for details. Source: Wikipedia, Taurine (Wikipedia)

An essential nutrient, important during mammalian development. It is present in milk and in tissues of many animals although it is isolated mostly from ox bile. It strongly binds to bile acids. Source: National Library of Medicine, MeSH 2006

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Tag Language Translation
zh-CN Chinese (China) 牛磺酸
Synonyms: Tau;氨基乙磺酸;牛胆碱
fr-CA French (Canada) Taurine
et-EE Estonian (Estonia) Tauriin
es-ES Spanish (Spain) Taurina
it-IT Italian (Italy) Taurina
tr-TR Turkish (Turkey) Taurin
ru-RU Russian (Russian Federation) Таурин
nl-NL Dutch (Netherlands) taurine
fr-BE French (Belgium) Taurine