Version 2.77


Class of chemicals/drugs that are analogs or derivatives of amphetamine. Many are sympathomimetics and central nervous system stimulators causing excitation, vasopressin, bronchodilation, and to varying degrees, anorexia, analepsis, nasal decongestion, and some smooth muscle relaxation. Source: National Library of Medicine, MeSH 2006

Substituted amphetamines are a chemical class of stimulants, entactogens, hallucinogens, and other drugs. They feature a phenethylamine core with a methyl group attached to the alpha carbon resulting in amphetamine, along with additional substitutions. Examples of amphetamines are amphetamine, methamphetamine, ephedrine, cathinone, MDMA ("Ecstasy"), and DOM ("STP").

Amphetamine derivatives occur in nature, for example in the leaves of Ephedra and khat plants. These have been used since antiquity for their pharmacological effects. Such synthetic amphetamines found use as decongestants in the symptomatic treatment of colds and also occasionally as psychoactive agents. Their effects on the central nervous system are diverse, but can be summarized by three overlapping types of activity: psychoanaleptic, hallucinogenic and empathogenic. Various amphetamines may cause these actions either separately or in combination. Improper consumption of amphetamine derivatives may result in addiction and aggressiveness, as well as in rapid deterioration of basic body functions and death. Therefore, production and distribution of most related drugs are controlled by the authorities both nationally and internationally. Copyright Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. See for details. Source: Wikipedia, Wikipedia

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Tag Language Translation
zh-CN Chinese (China) 苯丙胺类
Synonyms: 安非他明类;苯异丙胺类;苯齐巨林类
fr-CA French (Canada) Amphétamines
et-EE Estonian (Estonia) Amfetamiinid
es-ES Spanish (Spain) Anfetaminas
it-IT Italian (Italy) Anfetamine
tr-TR Turkish (Turkey) Amfetaminler
ru-RU Russian (Russian Federation) Амфетамины
nl-NL Dutch (Netherlands) amfetaminen
fr-BE French (Belgium) Amphétamines