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Pneumocystis jiroveci is a fungus. This parasitic organism was earlier classified as a protozoan, and still is sometimes called by its former name Pneumocystis carinii. It causes the disease pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP), which afflicts people with weakened immune systems, such as children, the elderly, and especially AIDS patients, in whom it is most commonly observed today. It was first recognized in institutional epidemics among malnourished children and infants. The actual life cycle is unknown. Debate continues as to whether or not the parasite is transmitted through latent infection or active infection. Historically it was thought to be latent, with a duration of up to a year, but recent studies suggest an active state. Symptoms of infection include shortness of breath, nonproductive cough, and low grade fever. Death by asphyxia is a consequent threat, as in any pneumonia. Copyright Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. See for details. Source: Wikipedia, Pneumocystis jiroveci (Wikipedia)

A species of PNEUMOCYSTIS infecting humans and causing PNEUMOCYSTIS PNEUMONIA. It also occasionally causes extrapulmonary disease in immunocompromised patients. Its former name was Pneumocystis carinii f. sp. hominis. Source: National Library of Medicine, MeSH 2006

Basic Part Properties

Part Display Name
Pneumocystis jiroveci
Part Type
Component (Describes the core component or analyte measured)
Created On
Construct for LOINC Short Name
P jiroveci

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Language Variants Get Info

Tag Language Translation
zh-CN Chinese (China) 耶氏肺孢子菌
Synonyms: PCP;人肺孢子虫;卡氏肺孢子菌;卡氏肺孢子菌肺炎;卡氏肺孢子菌肺炎(Pneumocystis pneumonia,PCP);卡氏肺孢子虫;卡氏肺孢子虫肺炎;卡氏肺孢菌;卡氏肺孢菌肺炎;耶氏肺孢子虫肺炎;肺孢子虫肺炎
fr-CA French (Canada) Pneumocystis jiroveci
et-EE Estonian (Estonia) Pneumocystis jiroveci
es-ES Spanish (Spain) Pneumocystis jiroveci
it-IT Italian (Italy) Pneumocystis jiroveci
tr-TR Turkish (Turkey) Pneumocystis jiroveci
ru-RU Russian (Russian Federation) Pneumocystis jiroveci
nl-NL Dutch (Netherlands) Pneumocystis jiroveci
fr-BE French (Belgium) Pneumocystis jiroveci