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The Toscana virus (TOSV) belongs to the Phlebovirus genus of the Bunyaviridae family, and is an arthropod-borne virus transmitted to humans by Phlebotomus spp sandflies. The Toscana virus infection is characterized by fever, strong headache, and meningitis, or meningoencephalitis. TOSV is the major cause of aseptic meningitis (95%) and meningoencephalitis (4.5%) and influenza-like illness during the summer season. Some unusual clinical manifestations due to TOSV with severe sequelae, such as ischemic complications and hydrocephalus, have been reported. TOSV represents an important emerging pathogen and it is being investigated in several countries on the Mediterranean basin, including Italy, France, Spain, Portugal and Cyprus. Phylogenetic analysis has distinguished two genotypes of TOSV, A and B. The first is circulating mainly in Italy and the second in Spain, indicating a different geographic distribution possibly related to the vector. There is no treatment for TOSV infection except for supportive therapy. PMID: 20517492 Source: Regenstrief LOINC, PMID: 20517492

Basic Part Properties

Part Display Name
Toscana virus IgG
Part Type
Component (Describes the core component or analyte measured)
Created On

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Language Variants Get Info

Tag Language Translation
pl-PL Polish (Poland) Wirus gorączki wywołanej przez muchę piaskową typ toskański Ab.IgG
Synonyms: Przeciwciała IgG do toskańskiego typu wirusa gorączki wywołanej przez muchę piaskową