Version 2.77


Human rhinoviruses (HRVs) can be categorized into three genetically distinct HRV groups, designated groups A, B, and C, within the genus Enterovirus and the family Picornaviridae. HRVs are positive-sense, single-stranded-RNA (ssRNA) viruses of approximately 7,200 bp. HRVs, which are the cause of more than one-half of cold like illnesses, are commonly associated with upper respiratory tract infection, otitis media, and sinusitis. PCR testing for respiratory virus detection has led to the recognition of HRV as a lower respiratory tract pathogen as well, especially in patients with asthma, infants, elderly patients, and immunocompromised individuals. At this time there are no approved antiviral therapies, and treatment is primarily supportive. Source: Regenstrief LOINC, PMCID: PMC3553670

Enteroviruses are small, non-enveloped, single stranded RNA viruses in the picornavirus family and include coxsackievirus, rhinovirus, echovirus, and poliovirus species. They are the most common viral pathogen worldwide, and clinical manifestations range from mild, cold-like symptoms to severe infections, including encephalitis, aseptic (viral) meningitis, and myocarditis. Enterovirus infection has also been associated with the onset of type I diabetes mellitus. PMID: 23764548 Source: Regenstrief LOINC, PMID: 23764548

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Language Variants Get Info

Tag Language Translation
zh-CN Chinese (China) 鼻病毒+肠道病毒
Synonyms: RV+EV;鼻病毒(感冒病毒、RV)+肠道病毒(肠病毒、EV)
fr-CA French (Canada) Rhinovirus+Entérovirus
et-EE Estonian (Estonia) Rinoviirus + enteroviirus
es-ES Spanish (Spain) Rinovirus+Enterovirus
it-IT Italian (Italy) Rhinovirus+Enterovirus
tr-TR Turkish (Turkey) Rhinovirus+Enterovirus
ru-RU Russian (Russian Federation) Риновирус+Энтеровирус
nl-NL Dutch (Netherlands) rinovirus + enterovirus
Synonyms: rhinovirus
fr-BE French (Belgium) Rhinovirus + Entérovirus
pl-PL Polish (Poland) Rinowirus+enterowirus
Synonyms: Rinowirusy i enterowirusy