Version 2.77

Descriptions

Erucic acid is a monounsaturated omega-9 fatty acid found mainly in the Brassica family of plants such as canola, rapeseed, wallflower seed, mustard seed as well as Brussels spouts and broccoli. Some Brassica cultivars can have up to 40 to 50 percent of their oil recovered as erucic acid. Erucic acid is also known as cis-13-docosenoic acid. The trans isomer is known as brassidic acid. Erucic acid occurs in nature only along with bitter-tasting compounds. Erucic acid has many of the same uses as mineral oils but with the advantage that it is more readily bio-degradable. Its high tolerance to temperature makes it suitable for transmission oil. Its ability to polymerize and dry means it can be - and is - used as a binder for oil paints. Increased levels of eicosenoic acid (20:ln9) and erucic acid (22:1n9) have been found in the red blood cell membranes of autistic subjects with developmental regression PMID: 16581239. Erucic acid is broken down long-chain acyl-coenzyme A (CoA) dehydrogenase, which is produced in the liver. This enzyme breaks this long chain fatty acid into shorter-chain fatty acids. Human infants have relatively low amounts of this enzyme and because of this, babies should not be given foods high in erucic acid. Copyright Copyright ©2005-2009 Genome Alberta (Reference to original publication: Wishart DS, Knox C, Guo AC, et al. HMDB: a knowledgebase for the human metabolome. Nucleic Acids Res. 2009 37(Database issue):D603-610.) Source: Human Metabolome Database, Fatty acids.very long chain.C22:1n9

Fatty acids with 22 or more carbon atoms are called very long chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) and are present in small amounts in most tissues. Unlike most fatty acids, VLCFAs are too long to be metabolized in the mitochondria. Very long chain fatty acids and the ratios of C24/C22 and C26/C22 are increased in conditions affecting peroxisomal fatty acid metabolism such as X-linked Adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD), Zellweger Syndrome, and to some extent in rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata (RCDP). Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Basic Part Properties

Part Display Name
Fatty acids.very long chain.C22:1n9 (Erucate)
Part Type
Component (Describes the core component or analyte measured)
Created On
2009-01-05
Construct for LOINC Short Name
VLCFA.C22:1n9

LOINC Terminology Service (API) using HL7® FHIR® Get Info

CodeSystem lookup
https://fhir.loinc.org/CodeSystem/$lookup?system=http://loinc.org&code=LP89598-4

Language Variants Get Info

Tag Language Translation
zh-CN Chinese (China) 脂肪酸类.极长链型.C22:1n9
Synonyms: 脂肪酸类.极长链型.C22:1n9 (芥酸酯);C22:1n9;VLCFA C22:1n9;极长链型脂肪酸类 C22:1n9
et-EE Estonian (Estonia) Rasvhapped.väga pikaahelalised.C22:1n9
es-ES Spanish (Spain) Acidos grasos. Cadena muy larga. C22:1n9
it-IT Italian (Italy) Acidi grassi.catena molto lunga.C22:1n9
Synonyms: Acidi grassi.catena molto lunga C22:1n9 (Erucato)
tr-TR Turkish (Turkey) Yağ asidleri.çok uzun zincirli.C22:1n9
ru-RU Russian (Russian Federation) Жирные кислоты.очень длинная цепь.C22:1n9
nl-NL Dutch (Netherlands) vetzuren.zeer lange keten.C22:1n9
pl-PL Polish (Poland) Kwas erukowy (C22:1, n-9)