Version 2.76

Part Description

LP14853-3   Varicella zoster virus
Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is a double-stranded alphaherpesvirus that causes seasonal outbreaks of chickenpox and shingles in non-immunized populations. VZV is highly infectious and is transmitted by contact with the ruptured fluid filled blisters and respiratory secretions of infected individuals. Immunity post infection is usually lifelong though the latent virus inhabits the sensory nerve ganglia where it can reactivate causing shingles when immunity declines with aging.[] In the over fifty strains of VZV that have been sequenced it has been found that a single nucleotide polymorphism occurs about every 100 bases. The patterns of polymorphisms in VZV correlate with different geographical regions of infection and is the basis for the classification of viral clades.[] Breuer proposed the nomenclature for the VZV clades as 1-5 with the suspected clades VI and VII to be confirmed later. The geographical regions associated with the seven clades are as follows:
Clades 1 and 3-represent the dominant clades of the circulating VZV in Europe and the Americas
Clades 4 and 5-found in Africa
Clade VI found in France, Italy
Clade VII exclusively isolated in the US
Clade 2-Asia from Korea, Japan, China not found in India, Nepal and Bangladesh where clades 4 and 5 were dominant Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Fully-Specified Name

Varicella zoster virus identified

Additional Names

Short Name
Display Name
VZV identified EM Nom (Skin)
Consumer Name Alpha Get Info
Varicella zoster virus (VZV; Chickenpox) test, Skin

Basic Attributes

First Released
Version 1.0i
Last Updated
Version 2.21
Order vs. Observation

Member of these Groups Get Info

LOINC Group Group Name
LG32750-8 Varicella zoster virus

Language Variants Get Info

Tag Language Translation
de-DE German (Germany) Varicella-Zoster-Virus identifiziert:Nachweis oder Identität:Zeitpunkt:Haut:Nominal:Mikroskopie.Elektronen
Synonyms: Human alphaherpesvirus 3; VZV
es-AR Spanish (Argentina) virus Varicela-zoster identificado:presencia o identidad:punto en el tiempo:piel:Nominal:microscopia.electrónica
es-ES Spanish (Spain) Virus Varicella zoster identificado:Presencia o identidad:Punto temporal:Piel:Nom:Microscopía electrónica
es-MX Spanish (Mexico) Virus de varicela zóster identificado:Presencia o identidad:Punto temporal:Piel:Nominal:Microscopio de electrones
fr-CA French (Canada) Virus varicelle-zona , Identifiés:Présence ou identité:Temps ponctuel:Peau:Nominal:Microscopie.électronique
fr-FR French (France) Varicelle zona virus identifié:Identification:Ponctuel:Peau:Résultat nominal:Microscopie électronique
fr-BE French (Belgium) Virus varicelle-zona Identifiées:Présence ou identité:Temps ponctuel:Peau:Nominal:Microscopie.électronique
Synonyms: Identifiées VZV
it-IT Italian (Italy) Varicella zoster, virus , identificato:Prid:Pt:Pelle:Nom:Microscopia.elettronica
Synonyms: Microbiologia Microscopia elettronica Presenza o Identità Punto nel tempo (episodio) Virus della varicella zoster
ko-KR Korean (Korea, Republic Of) 수두 대상포진 바이러스 동정:존재:검사시점:피부:명칭결과:전자현미경
nl-NL Dutch (Netherlands) varicella-zostervirus geïdentificeerd:identificator:moment:huid:nominaal:microscopie.electronen
Synonyms: electronenmicroscopie Varicella zoster virus
pt-BR Portuguese (Brazil) Identificação de Varicela zoster vírus:Ident:Pt:Pele:Nom:Microscopia eletrônica
Synonyms: ; VZV; Shingles; Chicken pox; Human herpesvirus 3; HHV-3; Chickenpox; Herpes zoster; VZ; Chicken pox virus; Identity or presence; Point in time; Random; Epidermis; Skn; Integument; Dermatologic; Nominal; EM; Micros; Microscopic; Isolated; Microbiology
tr-TR Turkish (Turkey) Varicella zoster virüsü tanımlanmış:MevcKimlik:Zmlı:Deri:Snf:Mikroskopi.elektron
zh-CN Chinese (China) 水痘带状疱疹病毒 已鉴定的:存在与否或特征标识:时间点:皮肤:名义型:显微镜检查.电子
Synonyms: HHV-3;VZ;VZV;人类疱疹病毒 3 型;人类疱疹病毒 III 型;带状疱疹;水痘;水痘带状疱疹;水痘病毒;Varicella zoster virus;水痘-带状疱疹病毒 传染毒;传染毒素;滤过性病原体;病毒类;过滤性病原体 分离出的;分离的;已分离的;检出的;经分离的;经过分离的;经过鉴定的;经鉴定的;鉴定的 分类型应答;分类型结果;名义性;名称型;名词型;名词性;标称性;没有自然次序的名义型或分类型应答 存在;存在与否;特征标识;身份;身份标识 已鉴定的 HHV-3 已鉴定的 VZV 已鉴定的人类疱疹病毒 3 型 已鉴定的人类疱疹病毒 III 型 已鉴定的水痘病毒 微生物学;微生物学试验;微生物学试验(培养、DNA、抗原及抗体) 时刻;随机;随意;瞬间 显微学;显微术;显微镜学;显微镜检术;显微镜检查;显微镜检查方法;显微镜检查法;显微镜检查类方法;显微镜检查类检验方法;显微镜法;镜检;镜检术;镜检法 显微镜方法.电子;显微镜检.电子;电子显微镜方法;电子显微镜检;电子显微镜检查;电镜检查;电镜法;镜查.电子 皮;肤;表皮

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