Version 2.77

Part Descriptions

LP14741-0   Citrate
A citrate is an ionic form of citric acid, such as C3 H5 O(COO)3 3ˆ', that is, citric acid minus three hydrogen ions. Citrates are compounds containing this group, either ionic compounds, the salts, or analogous covalent compounds, esters. An example of a salt is sodium citrate and an ester is trimethyl citrate. Because citric acid is a multifunctional acid, several intermediate ions exist: hydrogen citrate ion, HC6 H5 O7 2ˆ' and dihydrogen citrate ion, H2 C6 H5 O7 ˆ'. These may form salts as well, called acid salts. Salts of the hydrogen citrate ions are weakly acidic, whereas salts of the citrate ion itself (with an inert cation such as sodium ion) are weakly basic. Copyright Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. See for details. Source: Wikipedia, Citrate (Wikipedia)

LP14741-0   Citrate
Citrate testing is used to diagnose renal tubular acidosis and evaluate kidney stone disease. Acid-base balance plays a critical role in citrate excretion. In acidosis, increased citrate utilization occurs and causes reduced citrate excretion. In alkalosis, citrate excretion increases. Hypocitruria promotes the formation of calcium kidney stones because citrate normally binds urinary calcium as a soluble calcium citrate salt. Hypocitruria may also have a role in uric acid stone formation. Citrate excretion is impaired by acidosis, hypokalemia, urinary tract infection, and a high animal protein/high acid-ash content diet. Urine citrate levels may also be decreased with severe muscular activity, hypoparathyroidism, diabetes, and chronic renal failure. Urine citrate levels may be increased with high carbohydrate diet, estrogen therapy, and Vitamin D use. Information from emedicine, "Hypocitraturia," by George Bennett Stackhouse IV, MD, and Medline Plus, accessed 2006 10 25 Source: Regenstrief Institute

Fully-Specified Name


Additional Names

Short Name
Citrate 24h Ur-sRate
Display Name
Citrate (24H U) [Moles/Time]
Consumer Name Alpha Get Info
Citrate, Urine

Basic Attributes

First Released
Version 1.0k
Last Updated
Version 2.73
Order vs. Observation
Common Test Rank Get Info

Member of these Panels

LOINC Long Common Name
81232-1 Supersaturation panel - 24 hour Urine

Language Variants Get Info

Tag Language Translation
de-DE German (Germany) Citrat:Stoffmengenrate:24 Stunden:Urin:Quantitativ:
de-AT German (Austria) Synonyms: Citrat Urinexkretion
es-AR Spanish (Argentina) citrato:índice de sustancia:24 horas:orina:cuantitativo:
es-ES Spanish (Spain) Citrato:Indice de susbtancia:24 horas:Orina:Qn:
Synonyms: Cuantitativo
es-MX Spanish (Mexico) Citrato:Tasa de sustancia:24H:Orina:Cuantitativo:
et-EE Estonian (Estonia) Tsitraat:SRat:24 tunni:U:Qn:
Synonyms: Aine määr Kvantitatiivne Uriin
fr-CA French (Canada) Citrate:Débit de substance:24 h:Urine:Quantitatif:
fr-FR French (France) Citrate:Moles/Temps:24H:Urine:Numérique:
fr-BE French (Belgium) Citrate:Débit de substance:24 h:Urine:Quantitatif:
it-IT Italian (Italy) Citrato:SRat:24h:Urine:Qn:
Synonyms: 24 Ore Chimica Tasso di sostanza
ko-KR Korean (Korea, Republic Of) 구연산:물질비:24시간:뇨:정량:
nl-NL Dutch (Netherlands) citraat:mol/tijd:24 uur:urine:kwantitatief:
Synonyms: 24U
pt-BR Portuguese (Brazil) Citrato:SRat:24H:Urina:Qn:
Synonyms: Citric acid; sRate; Substance rate; 1 day; 24 hours; 24HR; Ur; UR; Urn; UA; Quantitative; QNT; Quant; Quan; Chemistry
ru-RU Russian (Russian Federation) Цитрат:МольРасх:24 часа:Моча:Колич:
Synonyms: Количественный Молярная скорость;Молярный расход
tr-TR Turkish (Turkey) Sitrat:SubHz:24Sa:İdrar:Kant:
zh-CN Chinese (China) 柠檬酸:物质的量速率:24小时:尿液:定量型:
Synonyms: 1天;1日;24.0小时;一天;一日;二十四个小时;二十四小时 克分子速率;克分子速率(单位时间);摩尔速率;摩尔速率(单位时间);物质的量速率(单位时间) 化学;化学检验项目;化学检验项目类;化学类;化学试验;非刺激耐受型化学检验项目;非刺激耐受型化学检验项目类;非刺激耐受型化学试验;非刺激耐受型化学试验类 可用数量表示的;定量性;数值型;数量型;连续数值型标尺 尿;小便;下泉 枸橼酸;枸橼酸根;枸橼酸盐;枸橼酸酯;柠檬酸根;柠檬酸盐;柠檬酸酯

Example Units

Unit Source
mmol/(24.h) Example UCUM Units
mmol/24hr eCHN

LOINC Terminology Service (API) using HL7® FHIR® Get Info

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