Version 2.76

Part Descriptions

LP14853-3   Varicella zoster virus
Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is a double-stranded alphaherpesvirus that causes seasonal outbreaks of chickenpox and shingles in non-immunized populations. VZV is highly infectious and is transmitted by contact with the ruptured fluid filled blisters and respiratory secretions of infected individuals. Immunity post infection is usually lifelong though the latent virus inhabits the sensory nerve ganglia where it can reactivate causing shingles when immunity declines with aging.[] In the over fifty strains of VZV that have been sequenced it has been found that a single nucleotide polymorphism occurs about every 100 bases. The patterns of polymorphisms in VZV correlate with different geographical regions of infection and is the basis for the classification of viral clades.[] Breuer proposed the nomenclature for the VZV clades as 1-5 with the suspected clades VI and VII to be confirmed later. The geographical regions associated with the seven clades are as follows:
Clades 1 and 3-represent the dominant clades of the circulating VZV in Europe and the Americas
Clades 4 and 5-found in Africa
Clade VI found in France, Italy
Clade VII exclusively isolated in the US
Clade 2-Asia from Korea, Japan, China not found in India, Nepal and Bangladesh where clades 4 and 5 were dominant Source: Regenstrief LOINC

LP36602-8   Shell vial culture
Virus culture is often more sensitive than trying to detect viruses directly in clinical samples. Shell vial culture is a modification of the conventional cell culture technique for rapid detection of viruses in vitro. The technique involves inoculation of the clinical specimen on to cell monolayer grown on a cover slip in a shell vial culture tube, followed by low speed centrifugation and incubation. This system works on the principle that the low speed centrifugation enhances viral infectivity to the susceptible cells. It is thought that the minor trauma to the cell surface produced as a result of low speed centrifugation mechanical force enhances the viral entry in to the cells, which in turn reduces the total time taken for the virus to produce infection of cells. Virus may be detected by direct fluorescent antibody (DFA) or indirect fluorescent antibody (IFA) staining within hours or days of inoculation. Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Fully-Specified Name

Varicella zoster virus identified
Shell vial culture

Additional Names

Short Name
VZV Skin Shell Vial Cult
Display Name
VZV identified Shell vial culture Nom (Skin)
Consumer Name Alpha Get Info
Varicella zoster virus (VZV; Chickenpox) culture, Skin

Basic Attributes

First Released
Version 2.17
Last Updated
Version 2.21
Order vs. Observation

Member of these Groups Get Info

LOINC Group Group Name
LG32750-8 Varicella zoster virus

Language Variants Get Info

Tag Language Translation
es-ES Spanish (Spain) Virus Varicella zoster identificado:Presencia o identidad:Punto temporal:Piel:Nom:Cultivos en "shell vial"
es-MX Spanish (Mexico) Virus de varicela zóster identificado:Presencia o identidad:Punto temporal:Piel:Nominal:Cultivo de viales de concha
fr-CA French (Canada) Virus varicelle-zona , Identifiés:Présence ou identité:Temps ponctuel:Peau:Nominal:Culture sur lame en flacon
fr-FR French (France) Varicelle zona virus identifié:Identification:Ponctuel:Peau:Résultat nominal:Culture fiole de coquille
fr-BE French (Belgium) Virus varicelle-zona Identifiées:Présence ou identité:Temps ponctuel:Peau:Nominal:Culture sur lame en flacon
Synonyms: Identifiées VZV
it-IT Italian (Italy) Varicella zoster, virus , identificato:Prid:Pt:Pelle:Nom:Shell vial, coltura
Synonyms: Coltura Shell vial Microbiologia Presenza o Identità Punto nel tempo (episodio) Virus della varicella zoster
nl-NL Dutch (Netherlands) varicella-zostervirus geïdentificeerd:identificator:moment:huid:nominaal:Shell vial'-kweek
Synonyms: Varicella zoster virus
pt-BR Portuguese (Brazil) Identificação de Varicella zoster vírus:Ident:Pt:Pele:Nom:Shell vial cultura
Synonyms: ; VZV; Shingles; Chicken pox; Human herpesvirus 3; HHV-3; Chickenpox; Herpes zoster; VZ; Chicken pox virus; Identity or presence; Point in time; Random; Epidermis; Skn; Integument; Dermatologic; Nominal; Shell Vial Cult; Cultures; C&S; Isolated; Microbiology
zh-CN Chinese (China) 水痘带状疱疹病毒 已鉴定的:存在与否或特征标识:时间点:皮肤:名义型:细胞培养瓶培养法
Synonyms: HHV-3;VZ;VZV;人类疱疹病毒 3 型;人类疱疹病毒 III 型;带状疱疹;水痘;水痘带状疱疹;水痘病毒;Varicella zoster virus;水痘-带状疱疹病毒 SVC 法;SVCC 法;小孔细胞培养法;带盖小瓶培养法;平底小瓶培养法;平底小管培养法;快速组织培养方法;细胞培养瓶培养(Shell Vial Culture,SVC);细胞瓶培养法 传染毒;传染毒素;滤过性病原体;病毒类;过滤性病原体 分离出的;分离的;已分离的;检出的;经分离的;经过分离的;经过鉴定的;经鉴定的;鉴定的 分类型应答;分类型结果;名义性;名称型;名词型;名词性;标称性;没有自然次序的名义型或分类型应答 培养方法 存在;存在与否;特征标识;身份;身份标识 已鉴定的 HHV-3 已鉴定的 VZV 已鉴定的人类疱疹病毒 3 型 已鉴定的人类疱疹病毒 III 型 已鉴定的水痘病毒 微生物学;微生物学试验;微生物学试验(培养、DNA、抗原及抗体) 时刻;随机;随意;瞬间 皮;肤;表皮

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