Brucella sp [Presence] in Specimen by Organism specific culture
LP14160-3 Brucella sp
Brucella are gram-negative coccobacilli that commonly infect cows (Brucella abortus), pigs (Brucella suis), goats (Brucella melitensis), and dogs (Brucella canis), along with wild animals such as deer, elk, and moose. The main pathogenic species of Brucella are Brucella melitensis, Brucella suis and Brucella abortus. Brucella melitensis is a gram-negative coccobacillus bacterium from the Brucellaceae family. It mainly affects the reproductive tract of goats and sheep, and in some regions is the major cause of abortion in them. It can also negatively impact fertility and lactation over time. B. melitensis has the broadest host range, infecting cattle, camels and dogs, in addition to sheep, goats and humans. Brucella suis infections in pigs causes chronic inflammatory lesions in the reproductive organs or orchitis and may affect joints and/or other organs. Similar to B. melitensis, B. suis can cause abortion in pregnant hosts. Other impacts of the disease are sterility, posterior paralysis and spondylitis. It is transmitted mainly by ingestion of infected tissues or fluids. It can cause undulant fever. B. suis are gram-negative, facultative intracellular coccobacilli and can specifically produce in phagocytic cells. They are also non-spore-forming, non-capsulated, and non-motile. Brucella suis are differentiated into five strains. Strains 1-3 infect boars and pigs. Strain 2 has been found in wild boars but without signs of infection while they do infect pigs and hares. Brucella abortus is a species of the genus Brucella. Natural hosts of B. abortus are cattle and other bovidae. Abortion and placentitis are common effects on the pregnant animal.
When humans come in contact with an infected animal or animal products that are contaminated with Brucella, brucellosis may result. Most human infections are occupational. Over 70 percent of reported cases of brucellosis occur in the meat-processing and livestock industries. Infection is generally via skin wounds, but the organisms can also be inhaled. A common route of Brucella infection is eating or drinking infected dairy products that have not been pasteurized. Human infections are caused most frequently by B. melitensis, B. suis, and B. abortus, while B. canis causes only rare infections. B. melitensis is the most virulent. People infected with B. melitensis can suffer serious complications, including infection and inflammation of the bones and joints, and occasionally, the heart and brain. About 100-200 cases of brucellosis occur every year in the United States. Incubation period is one to three weeks, and flu like symptoms appear in the infected person, such as fever, sweats, headache, back pain, and weakness. Severe complications such as CNS infections or infections in the heart lining occur in about 5 percent of cases. Chronic symptoms like recurrent fever, arthritis, and fatigue may occur up to one year from illness onset. Information from ARUP laboratories.
Brucellosis plays an important role in the economy and health of many developing countries because of its impact on both livestock and humans. Source: Regenstrief LOINC
LP6429-7 Organism specific culture
An organism-specific culture contains nutrients that optimize the growth of a specific organism and inhibitors that prevent the growth of competing organisms. Source: Regenstrief LOINC
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that causes BRUCELLOSIS. Its cells are nonmotile coccobacilli and are animal parasites and pathogens. The bacterium is transmissible to humans through contact with infected dairy products or tissue. Source: National Library of Medicine, MeSH 2006
- Brucella sp
- Organism specific culture
- Short Name
- Brucella Spec Ql Cult
- Display Name
- Brucella sp Org specific cx Ql (Specimen)
- Consumer Name Alpha
- Brucella sp culture, Specimen
Example Answer List: LL2431-6Source: Regenstrief LOINC
|PositiveCopyright http://snomed.info/sct ID:10828004 Positive (qualifier value)||LA6576-8|
|NegativeCopyright http://snomed.info/sct ID:260385009 Negative (qualifier value)||LA6577-6|
|InconclusiveCopyright http://snomed.info/sct ID:419984006 Inconclusive (qualifier value)||LA9663-1|
- First Released
- Version 2.17
- Last Updated
- Version 2.69
- Change Reason
- The PrThr property is used for LOINC terms whose results are reported using an ordered categorical scale, regardless of whether or not an internal threshold was used to make that determination. This change was approved by the Laboratory LOINC Committee in June 2016.
- Order vs. Observation
Member of these Groups
|LOINC Group||Group Name|
|fr-CA||French (Canada)||Brucella sp:
|pt-BR||Portuguese (Brazil)||Brucella sp:
|es-ES||Spanish (Spain)||Brucella sp:
|it-IT||Italian (Italy)||Brucella sp:
|tr-TR||Turkish (Turkey)||Brucella sp:
|ru-RU||Russian (Russian Federation)||Brucella sp:
|nl-NL||Dutch (Netherlands)||Brucella sp.:
|fr-BE||French (Belgium)||Brucella sp:
|de-DE||German (Germany)||Brucella sp:
|es-MX||Spanish (Mexico)||Brucella sp:
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