Version 2.77

Part Descriptions

LP14239-5   Influenza virus A
Influenza viruses, from the family Orthomyxoviridae, are enveloped negative-strand RNA viruses with segmented genomes containing seven to eight gene segments. Of the five genera in the family, only influenza A virus (IAV), influenza B and C are medically relevant to humans. Aquatic birds harboring avian IAV are the likely natural reservoir for all known IAV subtypes and are probably the original source of all human pandemic IAV strains. IAV maintained in wild birds have been associated with stable host switch events to novel hosts, including most often to domestic poultry but also to horses, swine, toothed whales and humans. The influenza virus life cycle begins with the binding of viral HA to host cell receptors. Endocytosis and HA-mediated fusion of the viral and cellular membranes occurs. Viral ribonucleoprotein complexes are released into the cytoplasm, travel to the nucleus, then are replicated and transcribed by the viral polymerase complex. The new viruses are formed and bud when the newly formed ribonucleicprotein complexes and structural proteins reach the plasma membrane. Further research is needed to better understand how IAVs switch hosts and the viral genetic changes that underlie human adaptation. IAV causes respiratory infections in humans ranging from asymptomatic to fatal. Pandemics are attributed to "novel" viruses which possess a viral hemagglutinin (HA) to which humans do not have immunity. PMID: 20542248 ] PMID: 25812763
Influenza viruses A and B are single-stranded RNA enveloped viruses belonging to the Orthomyxoviridae family. The symptoms of infection of Influenza A and B include fever, cough, sore throat, rhinorrhea, nasal congestion, headache, myalgia and malaise. Some patients may experience gastrointestinal symptoms including watery diarrhea, vomiting and abdominal pain. The influenza viruses spread rapidly in enclosed spaces with a documented rate of infection of 70% following a common source of exposure. Infection occurs in the respiratory epithelium in both the upper and lower respiratory tract, and the virus can be found in many specimen types, including nasal aspirates, nasal or nasopharyngeal swabs, throat swabs, sputum and tracheal aspirates. When infection rates reach epidemic proportions, hospitalization of children and elderly patients rises as does the mortality rates of elderly patients.(Manual of Clinical Microbiology, 11th edition, James H. Jorgensen; Karen C. Carroll; Guido Funke; Michael A Pfaller; Marie Louise Landry; Sandra S. Richter; David W. Warnock) Source: Regenstrief LOINC

LP207365-0   Ab.Neut
Neutralizing antibodies are antibodies that interfere with the interaction between the virus and its host cell receptor, therefore preventing infectivity. Neutralizing antibodies can be detected using a traditional VNT or other methods such as pseudovirus VNT and surrogate VNT. VNT and pseudovirus VNT use live virus (the actual virus or a recombinant virus that incorporates the viral antigen of interest, respectively) and cell culture to assess the virus-host interaction and whether neutralizing antibodies are present that block that interaction. Surrogate VNT (sVNT) does not use live virus but rather uses purified viral antigen and host cell receptor protein to mimic the same interaction. The sVNT method is currently (2021) represented in LOINC as IA, because it is an immunoassay-based method. Source: Regenstrief LOINC

LP6416-4   Neut
In LOINC, the Method "Neut" represents the virus neutralization test (VNT), also called conventional VNT, which is a specific laboratory method that is used primarily for identifying whether neutralizing antibodies for the virus of interest are present in the patient sample. The VNT involves incubating patient serum with the virus of interest, and then inoculating onto cell culture. If neutralizing antibodies are present and the virus is neutralized, the cells will not be infected. If neutralizing antibodies are not present, the virus will infect the cells in the cell culture. PMID: 32170698 This method can also be used to identify specific virus serotypes or strains, by performing separate tests in which serum is incubated with each of the specific virus serotypes or strains of interest. PMID: 169804 Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Fully-Specified Name

Influenza virus A Ab.Neut

Additional Names

Short Name
Display Name
FLUAV neut ab Neut test Nom (S)
Consumer Name Alpha Get Info
Influenza A (Flu A) neutralizing antibody, Blood

Example Answer List: LL957-2

Source: Association of Public Health Laboratories
Answer Code Score Answer ID
Influenza A (N1) LA13541-0
Influenza A (N2) LA13542-8
Unable to determine LA11137-9

Basic Attributes

First Released
Version 2.22
Last Updated
Version 2.72
Change Reason
Release 2.72: COMPONENT: Updated "Ab" to "Ab.Neut" since this test is detecting neutralizing antibodies.;
Order vs. Observation

Member of these Groups Get Info

LOINC Group Group Name
LG32757-3 Influenza virus

Language Variants Get Info

Tag Language Translation
de-DE German (Germany) Influenza-Virus A Ak.neutralisierend:Nachweis oder Identität:Zeitpunkt:Serum:Nominal:Neutralisationstest
es-ES Spanish (Spain) Virus Influenza A Anticuerpos antineutrófilos:Presencia o identidad:Punto temporal:Suero:Nom:Prueba de neutralización
es-MX Spanish (Mexico) Virus de la influenza A Ab:Presencia o identidad:Punto temporal:Suero:Nominal:Prueba de neutralización
fr-FR French (France) Influenza virus A Ac neutralisant:Identification:Ponctuel:Sérum:Résultat nominal:Neutralisation
fr-CA French (Canada) Virus de l'influenza A Ac.neut:Présence ou identité:Temps ponctuel:Sérum:Nominal:Test de neutralisation
it-IT Italian (Italy) Influenza A, virus Ab.Neut:Prid:Pt:Siero:Nom:Neut
Synonyms: anticorpo Microbiologia Presenza o Identità Punto nel tempo (episodio) Siero Test di neutralizzazione Virus dell''influenza Virus dell''influenza A
nl-NL Dutch (Netherlands) Influenzavirus A As.neutraliserend:identificator:moment:serum:nominaal:neutralisatietest
Synonyms: antistof; antilichaam
pl-PL Polish (Poland) Wirus grypy A Ab.Neutralizujące:wykrycie lub identyfikacja:punkt w czasie:surowica:cecha:test neutralizacji
Synonyms: Przeciwciała do wirusa grypy typ A Przeciwciało neutralizujące do wirusa grypy typ A Wirus grypy Wirus grypy typ A
pt-BR Portuguese (Brazil) Influenza vírus A Ac:Ident:Pt:Soro:Nom:Teste de neutralização
Synonyms: ; FLUAV; Avian influenza; Fowl plague; Influenza A virus; FLUA; Bird flu; FLUV; Influ; Identity or presence; Point in time; Random; Serum; SR; Nominal; Nt; NT; Neutralization test; Antibodies; Autoantibody; Antibody; Autoantibodies; Antby; Acy; Anti; Microbiology
zh-CN Chinese (China) 流感病毒 A 型 抗体.中和:存在与否或特征标识:时间点:血清:名义型:中和试验
Synonyms: A 型 A 型抗体 A 型流感;A 型流感病毒;FLUA;FLUAV;家禽鼠疫;流感 A;流感 A 型;流感甲型;流感病毒甲型;甲型流感;甲型流感病毒;瘟疫;禽流感;禽流行性感冒;禽疫;鸡瘟 A 型流感病毒 Ab A 型流感病毒抗体 Ab;自身抗体 FLUA Ab FLUA 抗体 FLUAV Ab FLUAV 抗体 FLUV;Influ;列性感冒病毒;流行性感冒病毒 中和试验;中和抗体;中和 传染毒;传染毒素;滤过性病原体;病毒类;过滤性病原体 分类型应答;分类型结果;名义性;名称型;名词型;名词性;标称性;没有自然次序的名义型或分类型应答 存在;存在与否;特征标识;身份;身份标识 微生物学;微生物学试验;微生物学试验(培养、DNA、抗原及抗体) 时刻;随机;随意;瞬间 流感病毒 A 型 Ab 流感病毒甲型 Ab 流感病毒甲型抗体 甲型流感病毒 Ab 甲型流感病毒抗体

LOINC Terminology Service (API) using HL7® FHIR® Get Info

CodeSystem lookup$lookup?system=