Version 2.76

Part Description

LP16815-0   Cyanide
A cyanide is any chemical compound that contains the cyano group -CN, with the carbon atom triple-bonded to the nitrogen atom. The CN group can be found in many kinds of compounds. Some are gases, others are solids or liquids. Some are salt-like, some covalent. Some are molecular, some ionic, and many are polymeric. Those that can release the cyanide ion CNˆ' are highly toxic.

The cyanide anion is an inhibitor of the enzyme cytochrome c oxidase (also known as aa3) in the fourth complex of the electron transport chain (found in the membrane of the mitochondria of eukaryotic cells). It attaches to the iron within this protein. The binding of cyanide to this cytochrome prevents transport of electrons from cytochrome c oxidase to oxygen. As a result, the electron transport chain is disrupted, meaning that the cell can no longer aerobically produce ATP for energy. Tissues that depend highly on aerobic respiration, such as the central nervous system and the heart, are particularly affected. This is an example of histotoxic hypoxia. Copyright Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ for details. Source: Wikipedia, Cyanide (Wikipedia)

Fully-Specified Name

Component
Cyanide
Property
SCnc
Time
Pt
System
Bld
Scale
Qn
Method

Additional Names

Short Name
Cyanide Bld-sCnc
Display Name
Cyanide (Bld) [Moles/Vol]
Consumer Name Alpha Get Info
Cyanide, Blood

Basic Attributes

Class
DRUG/TOX
Type
Laboratory
First Released
Version 2.32
Last Updated
Version 2.70
Order vs. Observation
Both

Member of these Groups Get Info

LOINC Group Group Name
LG43283-7 Cyanide|Pt|Bld
LG9273-6 Cyanide|SCnc|Pt|ANYBldSerPl

Language Variants Get Info

Tag Language Translation
es-ES Spanish (Spain) Cianida:Concentración de sustancia:Punto temporal:Sangre:Qn:
Synonyms: Cuantitativo
es-MX Spanish (Mexico) Cianuro:Concentración de sustancias:Punto temporal:Sangre:Cuantitativo:
et-EE Estonian (Estonia) Tsüaniid:SCnc:Pt:B:Qn:
Synonyms: Aine kontsentratsioon Juhuslik Kvantitatiivne Veri
fr-CA French (Canada) Cyanure:Concentration de substance:Temps ponctuel:Sang:Quantitatif:
fr-FR French (France) Cyanure:Moles/Volume:Ponctuel:Sang:Numérique:
fr-BE French (Belgium) Cyanure:Concentration de substance:Temps ponctuel:Sang:Quantitatif:
Synonyms: CN
it-IT Italian (Italy) Cianuro:SCnc:Pt:Sangue:Qn:
Synonyms: Concentrazione di Sostanza Livelli farmacologici e tossicologia Punto nel tempo (episodio) Sangue
nl-NL Dutch (Netherlands) cyanide:mol/volume:moment:bloed:kwantitatief:
pt-BR Portuguese (Brazil) Cianeto::Pt:SgTotal:Qn:
ru-RU Russian (Russian Federation) Цианид:МолКонц:ТчкВрм:Кр:Колич:
Synonyms: Количественный Кровь Молярность;Молярная объёмная концентрация Точка во времени;Момент
tr-TR Turkish (Turkey) Siyanür:SubKons:Zmlı:Kan:Kant:
zh-CN Chinese (China) 氰化物:物质的量浓度:时间点:全血:定量型:
Synonyms: 克分子浓度;克分子浓度(单位体积);摩尔浓度;摩尔浓度(单位体积);物质的量浓度(单位体积) 可用数量表示的;定量性;数值型;数量型;连续数值型标尺 时刻;随机;随意;瞬间 毒品 毒品类 药品类 药物 药物/毒理学;药物/毒理学试验;药物毒理学试验;药物毒理学试验类 药物类 血;血液

Example Units

Unit Source
umol/L Example UCUM Units

LOINC Terminology Service (API) using HL7® FHIR® Get Info

CodeSystem lookup
https://fhir.loinc.org/CodeSystem/$lookup?system=http://loinc.org&code=59186-7