Version 2.77

Term Description

This would be the interpretation of an antigenic formula in Salmonella, be it determined by phenotypic (agglutination) or genotypic methods (e.g., LOINC 68985-1 or 56475-7), and include any other supplementary testing if needed to identify serotypes that are also biotypes or pathotypes.
Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Part Description

LP16750-9   Salmonella sp
Salmonella are gram-negative, flagellated, facultative intracellular, anaerobic bacilli with O, H and Vi surface antigens. Once ingested, Salmonella survives the gastric acid barrier and penetrates the epithelial cells of the small and large intestines. The invasion of the epithelial cells stimulates the release of cytokines and a subsequent inflammatory response leading to diarrhea and possible ulceration of the mucosa.[NCBI Books: 8435] Antibodies to Salmonella are the body's defense when the bacteria is outside of its host cell which occurs at the initial infection and when the bacillus moves from cell to cell. There is a 10 minute window of opportunity when the Salmonella bacillus leaves the macrophage to invade another. During that time, antibodies and complement work to eradicate the bacilli, but some of the extracellular bacilli will evade attack and enter another host cell. Studies have shown that vaccines play an important role in the fight against typhoid fever. PMID: 25566248 There are two species of Salmonella: S. enterica and S. bongori. These species can be further subclassified into subspecies and serovars.

Veterinary Medicine:
Salmonella infection is most often caused by the serovars Salmonella choleraesuis, and Salmonella typhimurium and less often by Salmonella derby. Infected pigs can be asymptomatic and become carriers of S. choleraesius. Typically, the bacteria survive in the mesenteric lymph nodes that drain into the intestines, and are not shed in the feces unless the pig is under stress. The carrier state lasts for weeks to months and is self-limiting. Severe infection with S. choleraesius can be serious starting out as septicemia and progressing to pneumonia and enteritis. The infection can spread to various tissues including to the central nervous system leading to meningitis and to the joints where it manifests as arthritis. Severe infections with S. choleraesius occurs at any age, but most often in pigs 12-14 weeks of age.[] Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Fully-Specified Name

Salmonella sp serovar

Additional Names

Short Name
Salmonella serovar Islt
Display Name
Salmonella sp serovar Nom (Isol)
Consumer Name Alpha Get Info
Salmonella sp serovar

Example Answer List: LL1576-9

Source: Association of Public Health Laboratories
Answer Code Score Answer ID
IV 48:z4,z24:- LA16462-6
IV 21:z38:- LA16469-1
IV 30:g,z51:- LA16468-3
IV 38:z4,z23:- LA16467-5
IV 43:z36,z38:- LA16466-7
IV 43:z4,z32:- LA16465-9
IV 44:undetermined LA16414-7
IV 44:z4,z23 LA16464-2
IV 44:z4,z32:- LA16463-4
IV 48:nonmotile LA16456-8
IV 50:z4z23:- LA16461-8
IV 51:z4,z23:- LA16460-0
IV Rough:g,z51:- LA16413-9
IV Rough:z36:- LA16459-2
IV Rough:z4,z32:- LA16457-6
66:z81:- LA16453-5
48:z35:- LA16455-0
48:z81:- LA16454-3

Basic Attributes

First Released
Version 2.38
Last Updated
Version 2.38
Order vs. Observation

Language Variants Get Info

Tag Language Translation
de-DE German (Germany) Salmonella sp Serovar:Typ:Zeitpunkt:Isolat:Nominal:
es-MX Spanish (Mexico) Serovariedad de Salmonella sp:Tipo:Punto temporal:Aislado:Nominal:
es-ES Spanish (Spain) Salmonella sp Serovariedad:Tipo:Punto temporal:Aislado:Nom:
fr-FR French (France) Salmonella serovar:Type:Ponctuel:Isolat:Résultat nominal:
it-IT Italian (Italy) Salmonella sp sierotipo:Tipo:Pt:Isolato:Nom:
Synonyms: Microbiologia Punto nel tempo (episodio)
nl-NL Dutch (Netherlands) Salmonella sp. serotype:type:moment:isolaat:nominaal:
ru-RU Russian (Russian Federation) Salmonella sp серовар:Тип:ТчкВрм:Изолят:Ном:
Synonyms: Номинальный;Именной Точка во времени;Момент
tr-TR Turkish (Turkey) Salmonella sp serovar:Tip:Zmlı:İzolat:Snf:
Synonyms: Tür
zh-CN Chinese (China) 沙门菌属单个未知种 血清型变种:类型:时间点:分离株:名义型:
Synonyms: 分离物;分离菌;分离菌株;隔离种群 分类型应答;分类型结果;名义性;名称型;名词型;名词性;标称性;没有自然次序的名义型或分类型应答 型 微生物学;微生物学试验;微生物学试验(培养、DNA、抗原及抗体) 时刻;随机;随意;瞬间 沙门氏菌;沙门氏菌属;沙门菌;沙门菌单个未知种 沙门氏菌属 物种 生物种 血清变型;血清变异株;血清变种

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