LOINC
Version 2.67

74157-9Cannabinoids [Presence] in Serum, Plasma or Blood by Screen methodActive

Part Description

LP16058-7   Cannabinoids
The group of drugs called cannabinoids includes both the cannabinoid chemicals found in the cannabis plant as well as synthetic and pharmaceutical cannabinoids. The cannabinoids in cannabis include tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD), and cannabinol (CBN). THC is responsible for the psychoactive effects of cannabis and binds to the CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors. CBD does not have psychoactive effects but rather has a variety of therapeutic properties including anticonvulsant, analgesic, anti-anxiety, and antiemetic. The THC to CBD ratio determines the physiologic effects of the drug. A high THC/CBD ratio results in euphoric and anxiolytic effects, while a low THC/CBD ratio results in sedative effects. Both natural and synthetic cannabinoid compounds are used for therapeutic purposes. Synthetic cannabinoids, like THC, act on the CB1 and CB2 receptors. Adverse reactions, including psychosis, confusion, agitation, tachycardia, myocardial infarction, seizures, and fatal overdoses, are more common with synthetic cannabinoids compared to cannabis. [PMID: 30275754] Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Fully-Specified Name

Component
Cannabinoids
Property
PrThr
Time
Pt
System
Ser/Plas/Bld
Scale
Ord
Method
Screen

Additional Names

Short Name
Cannabinoids SerPlBld Ql Scn
Display Name
Cannabinoids Screen Ql (S/P/Bld)

Basic Attributes

Class
DRUG/TOX
Type
Laboratory
First Released
Version 2.46
Last Updated
Version 2.56
Change Reason
The PrThr property is used for LOINC terms whose results are reported using an ordered categorical scale, regardless of whether or not an internal threshold was used to make that determination. This change was approved by the Laboratory LOINC Committee in June 2016.
Order vs. Observation
Both

Example Answer List LL360-9

Source: Regenstrief Institute

Answer Code Score Answer ID
Positive Copyright http://snomed.info/sct ID:10828004 Positive (qualifier value) LA6576-8
Negative Copyright http://snomed.info/sct ID:260385009 Negative (qualifier value) LA6577-6

Member of these Groups

LG37608-3 Cannabinoids|ANYProp|ANYTm|ANYSys|ANYMeth

Language Variants Get Info

zh-CNChinese (CHINA)
大麻类:存在情况或阈值:时间点:血清/血浆/全血:序数型:毒理学筛查试验
nl-NLDutch (NETHERLANDS)
cannabinoïden:aanwezigheid:moment:serum of plasma of bloed:ordinaal:screening
fr-BEFrench (BELGIUM)
Cannabinoïdes:PrThr:Temps ponctuel:Sérum/Plasma/Sang:Ordinal:Dépistage
fr-CAFrench (CANADA)
Cannabinoïdes:Présence-Seuil:Temps ponctuel:Sérum/Plasma/Sang:Ordinal:Dépistage
fr-FRFrench (FRANCE)
Cannabinoïdes:Présence/Seuil:Ponctuel:Sérum/Plasma/Sang:Qualitatif:Dépistage
it-ITItalian (ITALY)
Cannabinoidi:PrThr:Pt:Siero/Plasma/Sangue:Ord:Screening
ru-RURussian (RUSSIAN FEDERATION)
Каннабиоиды:PrThr:ТчкВрм:Сыв/Плаз/Кр:Пор:Скрининг
es-ESSpanish (SPAIN)
Cannabinoides:PrThr:Punto temporal:Suero, Plasma o Sangre:Ord:Cribado toxicológico
tr-TRTurkish (TURKEY)
Kannabinoidler:MevcEşik:Zmlı:Ser/Plaz/Kan:Srl:Tarama

LOINC FHIR® API Example - CodeSystem Request Get Info

https://fhir.loinc.org/CodeSystem/$lookup?system=http://loinc.org&code=74157-9