LOINC
Version 2.66

77138-6Chloride [Moles/volume] in Serum, Plasma or BloodActive

Component
Chloride
Property
SCnc
Time
Pt
System
Ser/Plas/Bld
Scale
Qn
Method

Additional Names

Short Name
Chloride SerPlBld-sCnc
Display Name Beta
Chloride (S/P/Bld) [Moles/Vol]
Consumer Name Alpha
Chloride, Blood

Term Description

We have made this term to accommodate a laboratory system outside of the US. LOINC discourages the use of specimens combining ser/plas and blood in one term (as ser/plas/bld) for two reasons. First, practices usually want to distinguish the two on ordering since whole blood usually implies a point of care test and ser/plas usually implies sending to another location. Second, whole blood tests are usually classified as low complexity (waived) under CLIA regulations, and because waived tests are excluded from the annual COLA report of testing volume (required by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services) and ser/plas tests are not, the two have to be distinguished.
Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Part Descriptions

LP15483-8   Chloride
The chloride ion is formed when the element chlorine picks up one electron to form an anion negatively-charged ion Cl−. The salts of hydrochloric acid contain chloride ions and can also be called chlorides. Copyright Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ for details. Source: Wikipedia, Chloride

LP15483-8   Chloride
Chloride is an essential mineral required by humans that is found mainly in body fluids. It is an important, negatively charged ion in the blood, and a major electrolyte that helps to conduct electrical impulses. Electrolytes including chloride are located in the blood, lymph, and intra- and extra-cellular fluid. Chloride helps to regulate osmolarity by offsetting the positively charged sodium and potassium ions in the serum. It combines with hydrogen to form hydrochloric acid in the digestive tract which breaks down proteins, absorbs metallic minerals, and activates intrinsic factor. Chloride is absorbed both actively and passively in order to help maintain extracellular fluid volume. There is a continuous exchange of chloride and bicarbonate that occurs between the red blood cells and the plasma that controls the pH and excretion of carbon dioxide, a waste product of respiration.[https://traceminerals.com/chloride-the-forgotten-essential-mineral/] Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Basic Attributes

Class
CHEM
Type
Laboratory
First Released
Version 2.52
Last Updated
Version 2.52
Order vs. Observation
Both

Reference Information

Type Source Reference
Webcontent Lab Tests Online®Copyright Copyright 2001-2019 American Association for Clinical Chemistry. Chloride

Member of these Groups

LG6373-7 Chloride|SCnc|Pt|ANYBldSerPl

Language Variants Get Info

zh-CNChinese (China)
氯:物质的量浓度:时间点:血清/血浆/全血:定量型:
nl-NLDutch (Netherlands)
chloride:mol/volume:moment:serum of plasma of bloed:kwantitatief:
et-EEEstonian (Estonia)
Kloriid:SCnc:Pt:S/P/B:Qn:
fr-BEFrench (Belgium)
Chlorure:Concentration de substance:Temps ponctuel:Sérum/Plasma/Sang:Quantitatif:
fr-CAFrench (Canada)
Chlorure:Concentration de substance:Temps ponctuel:Sérum/Plasma/Sang:Quantitatif:
fr-FRFrench (France)
Chloride:SCnc:Pt:Ser/Plas/Bld:Qn:
de-ATGerman (Austria)
Chlorid /S,P,B
it-ITItalian (Italy)
Cloruro:SCnc:Pt:Siero/Plasma/Sangue:Qn:
ru-RURussian (Russian Federation)
Хлорид:МолКонц:ТчкВрм:Сыв/Плаз/Кр:Колич:
es-ESSpanish (Spain)
Cloro:Concentración de sustancia:Punto temporal:Suero, Plasma o Sangre:Qn:
tr-TRTurkish (Turkey)
Klorür:SubKons:Zmlı:Ser/Plaz/Kan:Kant:

Example Units

Unit Source
mmol/L Example UCUM Units

LOINC FHIR® API Example - CodeSystem Request Get Info

https://fhir.loinc.org/CodeSystem/$lookup?system=http://loinc.org&code=77138-6