Version 2.76

Part Descriptions

LP15483-8   Chloride
The chloride ion is formed when the element chlorine picks up one electron to form an anion negatively-charged ion Cl−. The salts of hydrochloric acid contain chloride ions and can also be called chlorides. Copyright Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ for details. Source: Wikipedia, Chloride

LP15483-8   Chloride
Chloride is an essential mineral required by humans that is found mainly in body fluids. It is an important, negatively charged ion in the blood, and a major electrolyte that helps to conduct electrical impulses. Electrolytes including chloride are located in the blood, lymph, and intra- and extra-cellular fluid. Chloride helps to regulate osmolarity by offsetting the positively charged sodium and potassium ions in the serum. It combines with hydrogen to form hydrochloric acid in the digestive tract which breaks down proteins, absorbs metallic minerals, and activates intrinsic factor. Chloride is absorbed both actively and passively in order to help maintain extracellular fluid volume. There is a continuous exchange of chloride and bicarbonate that occurs between the red blood cells and the plasma that controls the pH and excretion of carbon dioxide, a waste product of respiration.[https://traceminerals.com/chloride-the-forgotten-essential-mineral/] Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Reference Information

Type Source Reference
Mapping Guidance LOINC This term was made to accommodate a laboratory system outside of the US. LOINC currently discourages the use of specimens combining ser/plas and blood in one term (as ser/plas/bld) for two reasons. First, practices usually want to distinguish the two on ordering since whole blood usually implies a point of care test and ser/plas usually implies sending to another location. Second, whole blood tests are usually classified as low complexity (waived) under CLIA regulations, and because waived tests are excluded from the annual COLA report of testing volume (required by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services) and ser/plas tests are not, the two have to be distinguished.
Webcontent Lab Tests Online®Copyright Copyright © 2021 Lab Tests Online. All rights reserved. Chloride

Fully-Specified Name

Component
Chloride
Property
SCnc
Time
Pt
System
Ser/Plas/Bld
Scale
Qn
Method

Additional Names

Short Name
Chloride SerPlBld-sCnc
Display Name
Chloride (S/P/Bld) [Moles/Vol]
Consumer Name Alpha Get Info
Chloride, Blood

Basic Attributes

Class
CHEM
Type
Laboratory
First Released
Version 2.52
Last Updated
Version 2.68
Change Reason
Release 2.68: DefinitionDescription: Moved to Mapping Guidance section.
Order vs. Observation
Both

Member of these Panels

LOINC Long Common Name
101655-9 Basic metabolic and hematocrit panel - Blood

Member of these Groups Get Info

LOINC Group Group Name
LG6373-7 Chloride|SCnc|Pt|ANYBldSerPl

Language Variants Get Info

Tag Language Translation
de-AT German (Austria) Synonyms: Chlorid /S,P,B
es-ES Spanish (Spain) Cloro:Concentración de sustancia:Punto temporal:Suero, Plasma o Sangre:Qn:
Synonyms: Cuantitativo
es-MX Spanish (Mexico) Cloruro:Concentración de sustancias:Punto temporal:Suero, plasma o sangre:Cuantitativo:
et-EE Estonian (Estonia) Kloriid:SCnc:Pt:S/P/B:Qn:
Synonyms: Aine kontsentratsioon Juhuslik Kvantitatiivne Plasma Seerum Seerum või plasma Seerum või plasma või veri Veri
fr-CA French (Canada) Chlorure:Concentration de substance:Temps ponctuel:Sérum/Plasma/Sang:Quantitatif:
fr-FR French (France) Chlore:Moles/Volume:Ponctuel:Sérum/Plasma/Sang:Numérique:
fr-BE French (Belgium) Chlorure:Concentration de substance:Temps ponctuel:Sérum/Plasma/Sang:Quantitatif:
Synonyms: Cl-
it-IT Italian (Italy) Cloruro:SCnc:Pt:Siero/Plasma/Sangue:Qn:
Synonyms: Chimica Concentrazione di Sostanza Plasma Plasma o Sangue Punto nel tempo (episodio) Sangue Siero Siero o Plasma Siero,Plasma o Sangue
nl-NL Dutch (Netherlands) chloride:mol/volume:moment:serum of plasma of bloed:kwantitatief:
pl-PL Polish (Poland) Chlorek:stężenie molowe:punkt w czasie:surowica, osocze lub krew:ilościowy:
ru-RU Russian (Russian Federation) Хлорид:МолКонц:ТчкВрм:Сыв/Плаз/Кр:Колич:
Synonyms: Количественный Кровь Молярность;Молярная объёмная концентрация Плазма Сыворотка Сыворотка или Плазма Сыворотка, Плазма или Кровь Точка во времени;Момент
tr-TR Turkish (Turkey) Klorür:SubKons:Zmlı:Ser/Plaz/Kan:Kant:
zh-CN Chinese (China) 氯:物质的量浓度:时间点:血清/血浆/全血:定量型:
Synonyms: Cl;Cl-;氯离子;氯化物 克分子浓度;克分子浓度(单位体积);摩尔浓度;摩尔浓度(单位体积);物质的量浓度(单位体积) 化学;化学检验项目;化学检验项目类;化学类;化学试验;非刺激耐受型化学检验项目;非刺激耐受型化学检验项目类;非刺激耐受型化学试验;非刺激耐受型化学试验类 可用数量表示的;定量性;数值型;数量型;连续数值型标尺 时刻;随机;随意;瞬间 血;血液 血浆或全血;血浆/血液;血浆或血液 血清、血浆或全血;血清、血浆或血液;血清/血浆/血液 血清或血浆

Example Units

Unit Source
mmol/L Example UCUM Units

LOINC Terminology Service (API) using HL7® FHIR® Get Info

CodeSystem lookup
https://fhir.loinc.org/CodeSystem/$lookup?system=http://loinc.org&code=77138-6