LOINC
Version 2.70

97313-1Salmonella sp DNA [Presence] in Stool by NAA with probe detectionActive

Part Description

LP16750-9   Salmonella sp
Salmonella are gram-negative, flagellated, facultative intracellular, anaerobic bacilli with O, H and Vi surface antigens. Once ingested, Salmonella survives the gastric acid barrier and penetrates the epithelial cells of the small and large intestines. The invasion of the epithelial cells stimulates the release of cytokines and a subsequent inflammatory response leading to diarrhea and possible ulceration of the mucosa.[ NCBI Books: 8435] Antibodies to Salmonella are the body's defense when the bacteria is outside of its host cell which occurs at the initial infection and when the bacillus moves from cell to cell. There is a 10 minute window of opportunity when the Salmonella bacillus leaves the macrophage to invade another. During that time, antibodies and complement work to eradicate the bacilli, but some of the extracellular bacilli will evade attack and enter another host cell. Studies have shown that vaccines play an important role in the fight against typhoid fever. [PMID: 25566248] There are two species of Salmonella: S. enterica and S. bongori. These species can be further subclassified into subspecies and serovars.

Veterinary Medicine:
Salmonella infection is most often caused by the serovars Salmonella choleraesuis, and Salmonella typhimurium and less often by Salmonella derby. Infected pigs can be asymptomatic and become carriers of S. choleraesius. Typically, the bacteria survive in the mesenteric lymph nodes that drain into the intestines, and are not shed in the feces unless the pig is under stress. The carrier state lasts for weeks to months and is self-limiting. Severe infection with S. choleraesius can be serious starting out as septicemia and progressing to pneumonia and enteritis. The infection can spread to various tissues including to the central nervous system leading to meningitis and to the joints where it manifests as arthritis. Severe infections with S. choleraesius occurs at any age, but most often in pigs 12-14 weeks of age.[http://www.thepigsite.com/pighealth/article/357/salmonellosis/] Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Fully-Specified Name

Component
Salmonella sp DNA
Property
PrThr
Time
Pt
System
Stool
Scale
Ord
Method
Probe.amp.tar

Additional Names

Short Name
Salmonella DNA Stl Ql NAA+probe
Display Name
Salmonella sp DNA NAA+probe Ql (Stl)
Consumer Name Alpha
Salmonella sp, Stool

Example Answer List LL2451-4

Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Answer Code Score Answer ID
Positive Copyright http://snomed.info/sct ID:10828004 Positive (qualifier value) LA6576-8
Negative Copyright http://snomed.info/sct ID:260385009 Negative (qualifier value) LA6577-6
Undetermined LA14100-4

Basic Attributes

Class
MICRO
Type
Laboratory
First Released
Version 2.70
Last Updated
Version 2.70
Order vs. Observation
Both

Member of these Panels

LOINC Long Common Name
79381-0 Gastrointestinal pathogens panel - Stool by NAA with probe detection

Language Variants Get Info

zh-CNChinese (China)
沙门菌属 DNA:存在情况或阈值:时间点:大便:序数型:探针法.基因扩增.靶向
nl-NLDutch (Netherlands)
Salmonella sp. DNA:aanwezigheid:moment:feces:ordinaal:moleculaire techniek (PCR)
fr-BEFrench (Belgium)
Salmonella sp ADN:PrThr:Temps ponctuel:Selles:Ordinal:Sonde avec amplification de la cible
fr-CAFrench (Canada)
Salmonella sp , ADN:Présence-Seuil:Temps ponctuel:Selles:Ordinal:Sonde avec amplification de la cible
it-ITItalian (Italy)
Salmonella sp DNA:PrThr:Pt:Feci:Ord:Sonda.amp.tar
ru-RURussian (Russian Federation)
Salmonella sp ДНК:PrThr:ТчкВрм:Фекалии:Пор:Проба.усил.миш
es-ESSpanish (Spain)
Salmonella sp ADN:PrThr:Punto temporal:Heces:Ord:Sonda con amplificación dirigida
tr-TRTurkish (Turkey)
Salmonella sp DNA:MevcEşik:Zmlı:Dışkı:Srl:Prob.amf.hdf

LOINC FHIR® API Example - CodeSystem Request Get Info

https://fhir.loinc.org/CodeSystem/$lookup?system=http://loinc.org&code=97313-1