LOINC
Version 2.70

97551-6Carboxyhemoglobin/Hemoglobin.total in Central venous bloodActive

Part Descriptions

LP21418-6   Carboxyhemoglobin
Carboxyhemoglobin, a complex of hemoglobin and carbon monoxide, is a marker of exposure to inhaled carbon monoxide (CO). CO gas is produced from almost any fire as the result of incomplete combustion to CO2, and the normal individual will have about 1 or 2 % of their hemoglobin in the form of carboxyhemoglobin, and up to 5% depending on environmental circumstances. Smokers can have levels as high as 10% or even higher. Poisoning with CO generally results from improperly vented furnaces, automobile exhaust, and fires, with carboxyhemoglobin:hemoglobin ratios of 10-30% found in symptomatic individuals and 30-90% in fatalities. With a 230 fold greater affinity, inhaled CO avidly replaces oxygen at its hemoglobin binding site. In addition, replacing even one of the 4 sites of the hemoglobin tetramer with CO prevents dissociation of the remaining 3 oxygen moieties to tissue (known as left shift of O2 dissociation curve). As a result, hemoglobin remains red and skin color is rosy despite physiologic anoxia. Although measuring carboxyhemoglobin can confirm carbon monoxide poisoning, the level does not always correlate with the clinical picture; carbon monoxide poisoning involves other mechanisms as well, including binding to myoglobin, cytochrome oxidase, and direct effects on the central nervous system. Source: Regenstrief LOINC

LP422982-1   BldCV
Central venous blood is blood found in the interior jugular or subclavian vein sampled via a central venous catheter. The composition of central venous blood is different from mixed venous blood, found in the pulmonary artery and also sampled via catheter, and peripheral venous blood, sampled via venipuncture. Central venous blood contains blood from the upper body, whereas mixed venous blood contains deoxygenated blood from the entire body. Source: LOINC

Fully-Specified Name

Component
Carboxyhemoglobin/Hemoglobin.total
Property
MFr
Time
Pt
System
BldCV
Scale
Qn
Method

Additional Names

Short Name
COHgb MFr BldCV
Display Name
Carboxyhemoglobin (BldCV) [Mass fraction]
Consumer Name Alpha
Carboxyhemoglobin/Total Hgb, Blood

Basic Attributes

Class
CHEM
Type
Laboratory
First Released
Version 2.70
Last Updated
Version 2.70
Order vs. Observation
Observation

Member of these Panels

LOINC Long Common Name
97535-9 Gas panel - Central venous blood

Example Units

Unit Source
% Example UCUM Units

LOINC FHIR® API Example - CodeSystem Request Get Info

https://fhir.loinc.org/CodeSystem/$lookup?system=http://loinc.org&code=97551-6