LOINC
Version 2.73

LP16058-7CannabinoidsActive

Description

LP16058-7   Cannabinoids
The group of drugs called cannabinoids includes both the cannabinoid chemicals found in the cannabis plant as well as synthetic and pharmaceutical cannabinoids. The cannabinoids in cannabis include tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD), and cannabinol (CBN). THC is responsible for the psychoactive effects of cannabis and binds to the CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors. CBD does not have psychoactive effects but rather has a variety of therapeutic properties including anticonvulsant, analgesic, anti-anxiety, and antiemetic. The THC to CBD ratio determines the physiologic effects of the drug. A high THC/CBD ratio results in euphoric and anxiolytic effects, while a low THC/CBD ratio results in sedative effects. Both natural and synthetic cannabinoid compounds are used for therapeutic purposes. Synthetic cannabinoids, like THC, act on the CB1 and CB2 receptors. Adverse reactions, including psychosis, confusion, agitation, tachycardia, myocardial infarction, seizures, and fatal overdoses, are more common with synthetic cannabinoids compared to cannabis. [PMID:30275754] Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Basic Part Properties

Name
Cannabinoids
Type
Component
Created On
2000-05-04
Construct for LOINC Short Name
Cannabinoids

LOINC FHIR® API Example - CodeSystem Request Get Info

https://fhir.loinc.org/CodeSystem/$lookup?system=http://loinc.org&code=LP16058-7

Language Variants Get Info

zh-CNChinese (China)
大麻类
Synonyms: Delta-9-四氢大麻醇;δ-9-四氢大麻醇;大麻;大麻化学成分;大麻类化学成分
nl-NLDutch (Netherlands)
cannabinoïden
et-EEEstonian (Estonia)
Kannabinoidid
fr-BEFrench (Belgium)
Cannabinoïdes
fr-CAFrench (Canada)
Cannabinoïdes
it-ITItalian (Italy)
Cannabinoidi
ru-RURussian (Russian Federation)
Каннабиоиды
es-ESSpanish (Spain)
Cannabinoides
Synonyms: Cannabinoide;Delta-9-tetrahidrocannabinol;Marihuana;THC
tr-TRTurkish (Turkey)
Kannabinoidler
Synonyms: Delta-9-tetrahidrocannabinol