Version 2.77

Term Description

The qualitative assessment of leukocytes are recorded along with the presence of bacteria, yeast, and other cells from a Gram stain on any part of the body where infection is suspected. Example specimens include swab of abscess, cervical or vaginal swab, pus, throat or nose swab. Results are used for diagnosis, selection of antibiotics for treatment, and antimicrobial susceptibility testing.
Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Part Description

LP14419-3   Leukocytes
Leukocytes or white blood cells (WBCs) are immune cells that fight infection, neoplasms and other inflammatory conditions, and mediate allergic responses. There are five types of WBCs normally present in the circulation that are all derived from a similar stem cell in the bone marrow. The five type of WBCs are divided into two groups based on the presence or absence of granules in the cytoplasm. The granulocytes include the neutrophils, basophils and eosinophils. The non-granulocytes include the lymphocytes and the monocytes. The neutrophils fight infection by ingesting and digesting bacteria. Eosinophils and basophils respond to allergic reactions and are capable of ingesting antigen-antibody complexes. Monocytes phagocytose bacteria and release interferon to stimulate the immune system. Lymphocytes are divided into T-cells and B-cells. T-cell immunity is cellular and involves the activation of phagocytes and B-cell immunity uses antibodies to fight infection. Both elevated and low leukocyte counts can be markers of infection and malignancy, and low leukocyte counts are associated with a variety of primary and secondary immunodeficiencies, depending on the WBC type(s) that are out of range. (Mosby's manual of diagnostic and laboratory tests, Kathleen Deska Pagana; Timothy James Pagana, Elsevier St. Louis, Mo ©2010) Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Fully-Specified Name

Gram stain

Additional Names

Short Name
WBC Spec Ql Gram Stn
Display Name
WBC Gram stain Ql (Specimen)
Consumer Name Alpha Get Info
White blood cell (WBC) count, Specimen

Example Answer List: LL1162-8

Source: Regenstrief Institute
Answer Code Score Answer ID
NoneCopyright ID:260413007 None (qualifier value) LA137-2
RareCopyright ID:89292003 Rare (qualifier value) LA15679-6
FewCopyright ID:57176003 Few (qualifier value) LA15680-4
ModerateCopyright ID:260354000 Moderate number (qualifier value) LA6751-7
ManyCopyright ID:260396001 Numerous (qualifier value) LA15681-2

Basic Attributes

First Released
Version 2.42
Last Updated
Version 2.69
Change Reason
The PrThr property is used for LOINC terms whose results are reported using an ordered categorical scale, regardless of whether or not an internal threshold was used to make that determination. This change was approved by the Laboratory LOINC Committee in June 2016.
Order vs. Observation

Member of these Panels

LOINC Long Common Name
88839-6 Microbiology CNAMTS panel - Pus
88845-3 Microbiology CNAMTS panel - Specimen
88836-2 Microbiology CNAMTS panel - Throat
88840-4 Microbiology CNAMTS panel - Urethra

Language Variants Get Info

Tag Language Translation
el-GR Greek (Greece) Λευκοκύτταρα:PrThr:Χρονική στιγμή:ΧΧΧ:Τακτική:Χρώση κατά Gram
es-ES Spanish (Spain) Leucocitos:PrThr:Punto temporal:XXX:Ord:Tinción de Gram
es-MX Spanish (Mexico) Leucocitos:Presencia o umbral:Punto temporal:XXX:Ordinal:Tinción de Gram
et-EE Estonian (Estonia) Leukotsüüdid:PrThr:Pt:XXX:Ord:Grami värv
Synonyms: Järgarvuline Juhuslik Täpsustamata materjal
fr-CA French (Canada) Leucocytes:Présence-Seuil:Temps ponctuel:XXX:Ordinal:Coloration de Gram
fr-FR French (France) Leucocytes:Présence/Seuil:Ponctuel:Milieux divers:Qualitatif:Coloration Gram
fr-BE French (Belgium) Leucocytes:PrThr:Temps ponctuel:XXX:Ordinal:Coloration de Gram
it-IT Italian (Italy) Leucociti:PrThr:Pt:XXX:Ord:Gram, colorazione
Synonyms: Colorazione di Gram Ematologia (coagulazione) conta differenziale Presenza o Soglia Punto nel tempo (episodio)
nl-NL Dutch (Netherlands) leukocyten:aanwezigheid:moment:XXX:ordinaal:gramkleuring
pl-PL Polish (Poland) Leukocyty:granica wykrywalności:punkt w czasie:XXX:półilościowy:barwienie Grama
Synonyms: Leukocyty
pt-BR Portuguese (Brazil) Leucócitos::Pt:XXX:Ord:Coloração de Gram
ru-RU Russian (Russian Federation) Лейкоциты:PrThr:ТчкВрм:XXX:Пор:Грам окраска
Synonyms: Порядковый Точка во времени;Момент
tr-TR Turkish (Turkey) Lökositler:MevcEşik:Zmlı:XXX:Srl:Gram boyama
Synonyms: Mevcut
zh-CN Chinese (China) 白细胞:存在情况或阈值:时间点:XXX:序数型:革兰氏染色法
Synonyms: Gram 染色;Gram 染色法;Gram 氏染色;Gram 氏染色法;革兰染色;革兰染色法;革兰氏染色 Leuc;Leuk;Lkcs;WBC;WBCs;白细胞;White blood cell;WBC;白细胞类;白细胞类髓系细胞;白血球;白血细胞;白细胞数 不明的;其他;将在相应消息内其他部分之中加以详细说明;未作详细说明的;未作说明的;未做说明的标本;未加规定的;未加说明的标本;杂项 依次型;分类顺序型;定性的;序数型(或称等级型);性质上的;有序型;有序性分类应答;有序性分类结果;秩次型;等级型;筛查;顺序型 存在情况;存在;存在与否;是否存在;阈值;界值;界限;阀值;临界值;存在情况(存在、存在与否、是否存在)或阈值(界值、界限、阀值、临界值) 时刻;随机;随意;瞬间 染法 染色方法 染色法 着色 着色方法 着色法 血液学/细胞计数;血液学与细胞计数

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