LOINC
Version 2.67

77345-7Enterobius vermicularis [Presence] in Anal by Pinworm exam --2nd specimenActive

Part Descriptions

LP63172-8   Enterobius vermicularis
Humans are considered the only hosts of the nematode Enterobius vermicularis which are small, white, threadlike worms. Females possess a long, pin-shaped posterior end, hence the name "pinworm." Enterobius vermicularis dwell primarily in the large intestine, from where the gravid females migrate at night to lay up to 15,000 eggs on the perineum. A second species, Enterobius gregorii, has been reported from Europe, Asia and Africa and has identical morphology, life cycle, clinical presentation and treatment. Enterobiasis is the most common helminthic infection (est. 40 million persons infected) in the United States. Worldwide enterobiasis appears more common in temperate countries and infections worldwide are more frequent in children and in crowded conditions. Embryonic eggs are typically ingested by humans. Self-infection occurs by transferring infective eggs to the mouth with hands that have scratched the perianal area. Transmission also occurs through handling of contaminated clothes or bed linens or through other surfaces contaminated with pinworm eggs. Enterobiasis is frequently asymptomatic with the most common symptom being perianal pruritus. The female genital tract may also become infected. Other symptoms may include abdominal pain, anorexia and irritability. Microscopic identification of eggs collected in the perianal area is the method of choice for diagnosis. Mebendazole, pyrantel pamoate, or albendazole are used for treatment. [CDC:dpdx/enterobiasis] Source: Regenstrief LOINC

LP6451-1   Pinworm examination
Enterobiasis (pinworm infection) can be diagnosed by visualization of the worms in the perianal area or by using the transparent tape method, in which transparent tape is pressed to the perianal area, applied sticky side down to a slide, and then examined under the microscope for the presence of pinworm eggs. The tape collection should be done as soon as the person with suspected infection wakes up in the morning, before they stand up or do any washing. Specimens should be collected on 3 consecutive mornings, and then the slides should be taken to the healthcare provider for examination under a microscope. [CDC: Pinworm] Source: Regenstrief LOINC, CDC: Pinworm

Fully-Specified Name

Component
Enterobius vermicularis^2nd specimen
Property
PrThr
Time
Pt
System
Anal
Scale
Ord
Method
Pinworm examination

Additional Names

Short Name
E vermicularis sp2 Anal Ql Pinworm Exam
Display Name
E. vermicularis spec 2 Pinworm exam Ql (Anal)

Basic Attributes

Class
MICRO
Type
Laboratory
First Released
Version 2.52
Last Updated
Version 2.56
Change Reason
The PrThr property is used for LOINC terms whose results are reported using an ordered categorical scale, regardless of whether or not an internal threshold was used to make that determination. This change was approved by the Laboratory LOINC Committee in June 2016.
Order vs. Observation
Both

Example Answer List LL360-9

Source: Regenstrief Institute

Answer Code Score Answer ID
Positive Copyright http://snomed.info/sct ID:10828004 Positive (qualifier value) LA6576-8
Negative Copyright http://snomed.info/sct ID:260385009 Negative (qualifier value) LA6577-6

Language Variants Get Info

zh-CNChinese (CHINA)
蠕形住肠线虫^第2个标本:存在情况或阈值:时间点:肛门:序数型:蛲虫检查法
nl-NLDutch (NETHERLANDS)
Enterobius vermicularis^2de monster:aanwezigheid:moment:anaal monster:ordinaal:draadwormonderzoek
fr-BEFrench (BELGIUM)
Enterobius vermicularis^2e échantillon:PrThr:Temps ponctuel:Anal:Ordinal:Examen des oxyures
fr-CAFrench (CANADA)
Enterobius vermicularis^2e échantillon:Présence-Seuil:Temps ponctuel:Anal:Ordinal:Examen des oxyures
fr-FRFrench (FRANCE)
Enterobius vermicularis 2nd prélèvement:Présence/Seuil:Ponctuel:Prélèvement anal:Qualitatif:Scotch test
it-ITItalian (ITALY)
Enterobius vermicularis^2° campione:PrThr:Pt:Anale:Ord:Ossiuri, esame
es-ESSpanish (SPAIN)
Enterobius vermicularis^2º especimen:PrThr:Punto temporal:Ano:Ord:Examen lombrices
tr-TRTurkish (TURKEY)
Enterobius vermicularis^2nci örnek:MevcEşik:Zmlı:Anal:Srl:Bağırsak solucanı incelemesi

LOINC FHIR® API Example - CodeSystem Request Get Info

https://fhir.loinc.org/CodeSystem/$lookup?system=http://loinc.org&code=77345-7